The Heavens Declare His Handiwork

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Thomas Lee Abshier, ND

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The Subatomic Zoo

By: Thomas Lee Abshier, ND

Neutrons and protons are the familiar subatomic particles that compose the nucleus.  Conventional physics (The Standard Model) classifies these particles in a family called the Baryons, which are subatomic particles, composed of a total of 3 quarks.  Recent experimental evidence suggests the existence of 5 quark particles called Pentaquarks.  2 quark particles called Mesons are the commonly produced short-lived byproducts of collision and particle decay.  

Particles held together by the Strong Force are called Hadrons.  All Hadrons are 3 quark particles.  The neutron and proton are Hadrons, and their quarks are held together as stable particles by the interaction between gluons and quarks.  Quarks have a + or - 1/3 or 2/3 charge, and combine together to form a net integer charge Hadrons.

Mesons are composed of any two of the 6 types of quarks (up, down, strange, charm, top, and bottom).  The mesons include the pion, kaon, upsilon, and psi/J, etc.  After a very short half-life, the Mesons decay into particles such as electrons, gamma rays, neutrinos, and other Mesons (which then decay shortly thereafter).  The particular composition of decay products depends on the particular type of quarks constituting that meson.

Leptons are the third class of subatomic particles.  This class includes the electron, muon, tau, and neutrino.  The electron does not decay into any smaller particles, but the muon and Tau decay into an electron and quarks.  The neutrino and electron are common decay products of Hadrons (e.g. neutron decay releases a proton, electron, and a neutrino).  Collisions between Hadrons (e.g. neutron-neutron, proton-proton, neutron-proton) will release a cascade of mesons (e.g. pions, kaons, etc…).  

In the Theory of Absolutes, we are examining the hypothesis that negative DPs and positive DPs coalesce in various concentrations and configurations to compose all the subatomic zoo particles.  Thus the Baryons (neutrons, protons…), Mesons (pions, kaons…), Leptons (electrons, muons, tau…) and quarks (up, down…) are hypothesized to be composed of various numbers and configurations of aegative DPs and positive DPs.

Potential Problem with the concept of quarks being formed by Negative DPs and Positive DPs: Quarks have charges of (+/-) 1/3 or 2/3.  But the particles that form the quarks are negative and positive DPs, which have only charges of +/- 1.  But since the structure of the quark is unknown, its 1/3 and 2/3 charges could be made of aggregations of charge with a + to - ratio of 1:3 and 2:3.  While this would not produce a particle with a 1/3 and 2/3 charge, it would give a particle that has the allegorical appearance of a 1/3 and 2/3 charge, with this fractional charge being represented by a ratio rather than an actual particle with a 1/3 or 2/3 charge.  An actual quark has never been seen, and cannot exist in a space where its actual charge can be measured.  Thus, experimental evidence does not exist to confirm the actual charge contained by a quark.  Thus, the 1/3 and 2/3 ratio of the charges composing the quark can be considered as a useful conceptual value, given that the total charge of the observable particle has only whole integer charges, the 1/3 and 2/3 charge would be an appropriate concept if the charge was considered a conserved quantity.  Thus, the ratio explanation of the partial charges of the quark is consistent with the quark theory presented in the Standard Model.