The Heavens Declare His Handiwork

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Thomas Lee Abshier, ND

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Subatomic Particle Structure

By: Thomas Lee Abshier, ND

o Likewise, all the particles in the Subatomic Zoo are also assemblies of Negative DPs and Positive DPs.

o The Standard Model posits the Quark as the subunit of assembly of many particles in the Subatomic Zoo.

o But, for the purposes of easily visualizing the structure and family relationships between the various particles of the Subatomic zoo, we shall consider the basic building block of all the particles as being combinations of Electron and Positron masses.  The electrons and positrons internal to the subatomic particles will have some kind of energetic storage associated with their relationship, and as a result, when the particles decay into particle fragments, they, will release that extra energy as a neutrino or photon.

o The Proton is a combination of approximately 1800 electrons and positrons, with a net positron excess of 1+.  

o The neutron is a collection of approximately 1800 electrons and positrons, with an equal number of each.

o A proton converts into a neutron when it captures a high-energy electron.  

o Likewise, when a neutron decays it loses an electron and a neutrino.

§ The hypothesis that the neutron and proton are composed of 1800 electrons and protons comes from the observation that the relative mass of the neutron is 1800 times the mass of the electron and positron.

o When the neutron decays, and releases an electron and neutrino, the amount of kinetic energy lost is constant, but the amount of energy carried by the electron and neutrino are variable.

§ Thus, the total energy lost by the neutron when it decays is shared between the neutron and electron.

§ Thus, the increment of energy carried by the neutrino may be small or large.

o The question then becomes “What is a neutrino?  Is it a particle or is it a wave?”

§ The neutrino appears to travel at the speed of light, or very close to it.  

§ The spin of the neutrino is ½, which is the same as particles of mass.  This is unusual since no other photon/wave type disturbance has this spin, all others have integer spins.  

§ The neutrino may be a photon, a wave disturbance, a electromagnetic correlation of DPs.  But, its slightly subliminal velocity, its change in newly hypothesized change in configuration mid-flight, and ½ spin argue against this position.

§ It may be a particle, an actual bonded group of DPs that travel through space.  Its extremely high speed, (very near lightspeed regardless of the amount of energy it possesses), indicates that it is extremely light – possibly comprised of only a few DPs bonded together.  Thus, even a very small energy could accelerate it to extremely high speeds.  

§ Regardless of the neutrino’s actual configuration (particle or wave), we know that the neutrino is the medium of choice used by many subatomic decay processes to carry away the remnant of excess energy no longer held within its bonds.

§ If the neutrino is a wave, it opens up the possibility that space can hold a wave-like quantum of energy with ½ spin.  But, if this is the case, then probably this phenomenon only occurs in processes with a size distribution on the order of the subatomic particle.

o It is easy to see how mass phenomena could arise from mass structured in this manner.  The kinetic energy of motion, KE = ½ mv2, can store in the B field generated by moving charges.

o The electron and positron could be the elements of structure that layer together from the more elemental DPs, to the complexity of subatomic particles, atoms, molecules, compounds, organic molecules, cells, tissues, organs, systems and life.

o But, we are not wedded to the electron and positron being these fundamental units.  We are merely generating a scenario where their candidacy is plausible.

o For example: electrons and positrons create protons and neutrons.

o Neutrons, protons and electrons create atoms.

o Atoms of various types bond chemically to create the infinite variety of molecules.

o The molecules are the building blocks which create composites for the formation of the entire spectrum of inorganic non-living matter, and organic living matter.  

o Thus, the DPs and the electron and positron masses, serve as the elemental substrates that compose the animate and inanimate world.

o The current theory has dictated that the elemental units that form subatomic particles are quarks.

o Thus we shall examine the Standard Model, and see if we can use our DP Sea and Gridpoint model to manifest all the properties of kinetic energy, mass, and inertia.  These mass-energy phenomena were well explained by using the electron and positrons as the building blocks of the more complex particles (neutrons, protons, mesons, neutrinos, and leptons).