The Heavens Declare His Handiwork

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The Strong Force & Color Force
By: Thomas Lee Abshier, ND


http:// hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu /hbase/Forces/funfor.html - c2***

Note, the Strong Force is considered to be a residual effect of the Color Force.  The Strong Force holds nucleons together in the atomic nucleus.  But, the Color Force binds together the sub-nucleons (quarks, gluons, etc.) inside the nucleons (e.g. protons and neutrons).


Hypothesis:

· A substrate of Negative DPs and Positive DPs aggregates to form the sub-nucleons (e.g. quarks, gluons, etc.).  

· That the dynamic inter-transformation between these aggregate entities produces an explanation for the mechanism of action of attraction between the nucleons.  

· That this hypothesis of sub-nucleon composition by Positive and Negative DPs can produce effects equivalent to that seen by experiment.

· In its current form, the hypothesis of Positive and Negative DPs as sub-nucleon substructure does not have enough specificity to enable quantitative prediction of force-distance relationships nor specific resonance states.  But, this qualitative description of the underlying processes could be the actual physical mechanism which mediate sub-nucleon bonding and decay, and by further extension the effects of nucleon bonding and decay.  

· This hypothesis follows the principle of correspondence and Occam’s Razor.  

o The Hypothesis of God, which created a few conscious particles (the Dipole Particles, Force Particles, and Grid Points), can produce the same effects as the Strong, Weak, Color Force, and Electromagnetism.  Thus, satisfying “correspondence”.

o The Hypothesis replaces all these forces, resulting in a theoretical universe built upon a few fundamental particles, which operate according to a few laws.  This simplicity satisfies Occam’s Razor.


Elaboration of Thesis regarding the Strong Force and Color Force:

· Gluons and quarks are formed as momentarily stable resonance states, each composed of aggregates of dynamically interacting Negative and Positive DPs, participating in the continual transformation of these sub-nuclear particle aggregates.

· These sub-nucleon particles, comprised of Positive and Negative DPs, participate in the dynamic interaction of bonding seen in the subatomic nucleon-nucleon force-distance relationships.  

· The hypothesis of a DP Substrate for the gluon and quark will plausibly produce particulate entities capable of producing the same effects seen in bubble chamber experiments after particle collisions and spontaneous particle decay.


When a proton combines with a high-energy electron it forms a neutron.  But, the electron is not simply absorbed into the proton, neutralizing its charge, and adding mass energy.  Rather, the Standard Model hypothesizes that the electron provides enough mass energy to convert an Up quark into a Down quark, which causes the proton to adopt the internal energetic-mass configuration of a neutron.


The Strong Force acts up to distances on the order of the diameter of a nucleus, around 10-15 m.  It holds protons and neutrons together, and is mediated by the exchange of pions and heavier particles.  But, The Theory of Absolutes Postulates that the Strong Force is not a primary force; rather, it is an artifact of the processes of particle interchange that reflect the nature of how groups of DPs assemble and how those groups associate and interact inside particles of mass on the order of magnitude of the nucleons and nucleus.  


The Strong Force gives the appearance of being a force because it allows the close approximation of particles that would otherwise repel.  The Helium 4 nucleus, with its 2 protons and 2 neutrons, provides a simple illustration of the action of the Strong Force.  The Strong Force is given credit for holding the two protons together when in the presence of 1-3 neutrons in the nucleus.  (Note: Helium 3, with 2 protons and 1 neutron is also possible, but it is very unstable and decays very quickly, as does Helium 5.)  


But, the Strong Force may not be a force at all, but rather only the appearance of force.  Two particles which would normally repel are held in proximity because they are each elements composing a larger complex.  The elements are mutually converting their substance into the other and transforming their identities into the available resonance states.  


The sub-nucleons (e.g. quarks and gluons) are depleting, aggregating, and transforming into different types of sub-nucleons.  The proximity of the sub-nucleons and nucleons (e.g. protons and neutrons) gives the appearance of binding and attraction between quarks and gluons, and protons and neutrons.  


If this hypothesis is true, then the actual situation is not about the Strong Force holding together repulsive nucleons, (or color force between sub-nucleons).  Rather, the actual subatomic structure is the assembly of DPs into multiple particles that form stable interacting resonance states.  The nucleons (protons and neutrons) are thus internally dynamic composite particles with a dynamic internal transformation.  The proximity of the nucleons in the nucleus results in the transformation between sub-nucleons (quarks and gluons) to bleed between the neutron and proton.  The result is the de facto formation of a nucleus, which is a complex of nucleons (protons and neutrons).


Thus, there may be no actual “God ordained” Strong Force or Color Force.  Rather, the subatomic particles (protons and neutrons) simply reside at close proximity because of their proximity and the resultant transformation between quark types that occurs between the constituent substrates of the protons and neutrons in the atomic nucleus.


The Strong Force and Color Force have been modeled on a process called “Exchange forces”.  In the case of the proton to neutron transformation, the two are change types by the exchange of a group of DPs called a neutral Pi meson, or Pion.  This is the unit of exchange on the level of the proton and neutron, and it is this mutual interaction of being continually transformed back and forth between being a neutron and proton that produces the complex entity of the nucleus.  


The Color, Strong, and Weak Forces Compared to the EMG Fields:


The Electric, Magnetic, and Gravitic forces, all form fields that: 1) exert a force on a target particle, 2) exert a force at every point in space, radially from the source to infinity, 3) exert a force at each point in space, in a particular direction, 4) exert a force of a particular magnitude, and 5) exert a force different magnitude and direction depending upon the type of force.  


(Example: the Electric Force acts radially to infinity.  All of space is densely packed with Dipole Particles, which together constitute the Dipole Sea.  The DP Sea is composed of equal numbers of positive and negative DPs, but there are local inhomogeneities in positive vs. negative charge concentration in the DP Sea.  These local concentrations of positive and negative charge form the charged particles we recognize as electrons, positrons, and protons, etc.  Every DP in the universe puts out Force Particles, which exert an Electric Force, meaning that it acts on a DP with a particular characteristic direction and magnitude of force.  But, force at this level is not a push, but rather a choice to move a particular amount by a DP.  In the case of aggregate charged particles such as electrons, etc the individual constituent DPs receive the messages to move, and they then move in a corresponding way according to the type and number and direction of the FPs.  The electron moves as an aggregate entity based upon the amount of movement instruction received by its constituent DPs.  But, the movement of the electron follows rules.  The environment of the electron is in a particular state (i.e. the mu and epsilon of the Dipole Sea) at each moment.  Each Sea state can only support certain relational positions of the DPs at each Moment.  Which in turn allows only particular amounts of movement by the constituent DPs, and the aggregate electron.  The FPs deliver an instruction to each target DP they pass out to infinity.  The target DPs move at the each Moment in a direction correspondent to the type, and vector sum of the directions of force delivered by all the FPs in the space of the DP in that Moment.  The effect, while somewhat linear, being a sum of individual elements, has required/allowed positions and orientations to which it can respond to the incoming sum of forces.  Thus, there is a processing and response transformation that takes place at each moment as the FPs interact with the DPs.  The FPs and DPs interact as a unit to produce movement at each moment that is a process involving both the environment and the individual DP.  This process of movement is a transformation of the state of the environment as a result of the information/instruction that came into that individual state.***


The magnitude of the force is processed by two particles being held in proximity because of being amalgamated into a larger entity has been named a “force”.  But, the terminology misleads us into assuming a deep similarity with

The similarity between the EMG forces, and the nuclear Color, Strong, and Weak Forces (CSW), is around the fact that they all are Transformation reactions.  The CSW forces are more obviously transformation reactions, in that the particles change from one type or identity to another.  But, the EMG interactions also engage in transformation reactions on very subtle level.  


The EMG forces result from conscious particles (the DPs), emitting Force Particles with Electrical, Magnetic, and Gravitic commands imprinted on each FP.  The FPs move outward at the speed of light and encounter DPs each Moment, and each have a Force vector magnitude and direction in relationship to their velocity vector and type.  The DPs vector sum the Force/movement instructions delivered by the FPs arriving at their location each moment.  


The EMG theory sounds totally linear, vectorial, and rule based, but, there is an element of the “Transformation” process that is more obviously present in the Exchange Particle theory.  


The Exchange-Force and Exchange-Particle theory can be overlaid as a shorthand conceptualization of the interaction processes, to give the appearance of attraction, repulsion, and causing the decay of various particles on the nuclear and sub-nuclear level.  But, with the above conceptualization of the processes underlying the Strong and Color Force, we can see that these forces do not meet the criteria of being “fields”.  Rather, they would be more properly called
Sub-Nuclear Transformations”.


The Strong Force gives the appearance of being a fundamental force, but it may actually be only a category-description for a type of interaction that gives the appearance of particles being attracted by a “force”.  In this alternate theory, the constituent particles are not held together by a “Strong Force” rather, they are a compound entity, with points of concentration of resonance such as quarks and gluons in a state of dynamic transformation.  


The DPs are the constituent particles that form the sub-nucleons (quarks and gluons), which in turn form the nucleons (protons and neutrons), which constitute the nucleus.  The strong bond type interactions are brought into the interaction by the constituent nucleons, sub-nucleons, and DPs.  The nucleon aggregate is the bonded together by transformation/exchange processes into a single nuclear entity.  


For example, the proton and neutron bond in a Heavy Hydrogen atom (to form Deuterium) via the Strong Force.  In the sun, a neutron bonds to Deuterium to form Tritium (a neutron-proton-neutron assembly).  One of the neutrons then decays into a proton via the weak force to form Helium 3.  None of these forces (Color, Strong, or Weak) form a field that propagate outward in space from the particle of origin.  Thus, while the Strong Force process does give the appearance of being a very strong force that overcomes the extremely repulsive force of two protons in close proximity, this process does not create a field acting over long distances.


The individuality of the proton and neutron’s inner structures remains intact as they form the composite proton-neutron nucleus.  But, one aspect of their structure is subject to an ongoing cyclical transformation, which is the Down Quark in the neutron transforming into an Up Quark, and vice versa.  This transformation causes a nucleon to convert from a proton into a neutron.  The mass-energy difference between the Up and Down quark is a Neutral Pion, which is an intermediate particle that forms as the momentary mass-energy packet that mediates the energy exchange between the proton and neutron as they interconvert.


The Pion retains its existence as an entity for a very short time.  In the case of Helium 3, this process serves to buffer the repulsive force of the two positive charges, each on opposing sides of a single neutron.  This is a precarious balancing act, and there is a possibility of an unbalanced repulsion arising that could break this mass-association in the proton-neutron composite particle.  The uncertainty principle will eventually act to move one or both particles to a position outside of the exchange distance of the Pion.  The result of the imbalance is the returned prominence of the positive-positive repulsive forces, which produces the explosive repulsion associated with the formation of a decay particle.