﻿ Sound and Light Compared

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Thomas Lee Abshier, ND

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Sound Pulse Conduction in a Medium

By: Thomas Lee Abshier, ND

The scientists who evaluated the significance of the MMX made an assumption that light was conducted through space in a manner similar to how sound was conducted through water and air.  Thus, it is necessary to understand the properties associated with the conduction of a mechanical ether since sound conduction through water and air is the model upon which the light-conducting ether was (incorrectly) based.

When a boat is sitting still on a lake, and projects a sound pulse toward the shore, the sound pulse will travel away from the emitter at the inherent speed of the water, bounce off the shore, and the distance can be computed based on the length of time it took to get the signal pulse back.

But, when a boat is moving on a lake parallel to the shore, and a pulse of sound is projected at the bank, the boat will receive the pulse back delayed by an amount associated with the increased distance the pulse has to travel.

The direction of the boat will be called the axial velocity.  The velocity of the sound wave collinear to the boat’s axial velocity will be called the longitudinal velocity component.  And, the sound pulse directed perpendicular to the motion of the medium will be called the perpendicular velocity component.

The sound pulse has a variable amount of longitudinal and perpendicular velocity vector component, depending upon the direction the sound generator is aimed compared to the velocity of the boat.  Again, the velocity of the sound through the water will be constant, regardless of the direction in which the pulse is generated, or how fast the boat moves.

(Note: this is the key distinction between the light-conducting ether and sound conducting water or air.  The light conducting ether (DP Sea and Matrix) always conducts light at the speed of light in relationship to the resting ether, regardless of the direction and velocity of the light-emitting source.

* IN ADDITION: the photon is given another component of velocity, dependent upon the direction of emission from the photon source.  Thus, the photon has a constant velocity with respect to the Sea and Matrix (the rest frame), regardless of the velocity of the emitter.  The photon has a higher or lower wavelength (with respect to the rest frame) dependent upon the emitter’s velocity.  Plus, the photon carries a component of velocity perpendicular to its speed of light motion; this velocity is dependent upon the velocity of the emitter compared to the rest frame.)

When a sound pulse is projected in a lake, the same direction as the boat, the sound still travels only at the local speed of sound.  But the pressure wave of sound will be compressed, and an observer at rest compared to the lake will perceive a higher pitched tone than the same pulse from an at-rest boat.  Likewise, a pulse projected sternward, opposite to the direction of travel will move at the same velocity through the water, and will be perceived as having a lower tone.

Considering a boat in a river drifting with the current: if it generates a pulse of sound in the direction of the current, that pulse will arrive at a buoy faster than a pulse generate by a boat the same distance away in a lake.  Sound projected toward the bank of a river, from a drifting boat, and reflected back will take the same time to hear the echo as sound projected toward the bank when floating on a still lake.  Sound projected toward the bank from a moving boat on a lake will take longer because the pulse traveled from the boat, to the bank, and back, through the water over a longer path, which at the speed of sound, will take longer because of traveling a longer distance at the same speed. ???

A light bulb is the equivalent of an omnidirectional sound source.  And a flashlight (putting out individual photons) is the equivalent to sonar emitting a series of sound pulses.  A boat sitting stationary on a lake is the equivalent to a scientist measuring how light behaves while at rest with respect to the absolute frame.

Moving on a lake and measuring how sound is influenced by the motion through the water is the corollary to the conditions being measured in the Michelson-Morley Experiment.  In summary, the possibilities that can be studied by analogy are the behavior of the sound pulse in a lake (stationary and moving), and in a river (drifting and moving).

Because of its relevance to the MMX, the most important case to consider is the boat moving over the surface of a lake.  The MMX gives an indication as to how light behaves as it goes in different directions through the light conductive medium.  By a clever use of geometry, it compares the velocity of light traveling at perpendicular angles to each other.

The MMS compares the transit time of two legs of the apparatus.  If the two legs were of exactly identical length, and the apparatus were rotated exactly 90°, then there should have been no difference between how one leg was modified vs. how the other leg was modified by going across the flow of the ether on the surface of the earth as it rotated.  The first leg went from the emitter through the half-silvered mirror to the mirror and back to the half silvered mirror.  The second leg was at 90° to the first leg, and went from the half silvered mirror, through a refracting prism, to the mirror, and back through the refracting prism, and then through the half silvered mirror.  The photons from these two legs merged, and interfered with each other on the target screen.  Fringes of interference formed on the target screen.  When oriented in one direction, the fringes of interference were at one position on the screen.  When the apparatus was rotated 90° the fringes should have changed position to indicate that the photons in one or other of the two legs had taken longer to make the transit time.  But in fact, there was no change in the fringes to an accuracy of .005 of a fringe.

Thus, it can be concluded that if there is a light-conducting medium, that it conducts light in a different manner than how the conventional sound-conducting mediums conduct pressure waves.   But, the scientific community of 1887 did not make that assessment; they instead concluded that there was no ether, period.  This opened the door for Einstein and his solution that the speed of light was constant.  He replaced an absolute frame with a constant speed of light, and then declared that the local experience of time, distance, and energy was different dependent on the relative velocity of the two frames.

In light, the axial velocity of propagation is always the same, regardless of the speed of the emitter; this is due to the properties of the light-conducting medium.  But, the radial velocity of the photon, the portion perpendicular to the to direction of emission is independent of the axial portion, is related to the velocity of the emitter and the angle at which the photon leaves the emitter.  The radial velocity of the photon adds to the total vector velocity of the photon.  As a result of the photon being able to carry two different, orthogonal velocity vectors, the assumption that a photon should take longer to travel across the ether wind is false.  Since the photon is capable of capturing the radial velocity of the original emitter, and all the mirrors in the apparatus, the only velocity that will be visible in the Michelson-Morley apparatus is the axial speed of light; and this velocity is constant in an inertial frame (i.e. one where the two are traveling at a constant velocity with relationship to each other).  The implications of this hypothesis, that light is capable of carrying an axial and radial velocity, is that we may restore our belief in a resting frame ether, and an absolute frame of reference.

Embedded within the assumption of an ether that is able to discriminate between a photon’s axial and radial velocity is an intelligent ether, able to make that distinction and execute the instructions to pass on this velocity vector information.  We do not see obvious evidence of an intelligent medium in the conduction of sound in air and water.  Nevertheless, there are hints of an intelligent ether in many phenomena.  For example, the superimposition of waves passing through each other’s path at 90°, without destruction or distortion, gives evidence to the possibility that there is an underlying intelligent medium transmitting these waves.

This is an unfamiliar notion to science, that the “luminiferous ether” could preferentially conduct light at different rates depending on its direction.  But, such a process would produce exactly the effect seen by the Michelson-Morley Experiment.  These experimenters expected light to behave as any other physical medium, having a constant vector sum velocity regardless of the direction of travel, direction of emission, or velocity of the emitter.   To the Michelson-Morley conception of the ether, the medium is the king.  Light emitted by a source should simply take longer to travel over a distance if it has to travel a greater distance through the medium.  Obviously, they made a totally reasonable assumption, but the results of the experiment yielded a result which was unexpected.  Because of the immaturity of the field of electromagnetics, and the lack of a conceptualization of an intelligent, consciousness-based ether, this possibility was unavailable for consideration by the scientific community.  The scientific establishment was now in a theoretical vacuum with regard to the nature of light and its mechanism of transport.  Therefore, the scientific thinkers of the day were open to new ideas that described this effect.  Thus, they embraced Einstein when he conceptualized space as a medium that conducted light isotropically in every inertial frame.

Einstein provided no mechanism by which light was conducted; in fact this was the point, that light was not conducted by an ether.  Thus, Einstein by fiat simply declared that light had the same velocity in every direction as long as you were on a platform that was not accelerating.  The scientific establishment accepted this theory evermore strongly as the mathematics were proven valuable in predicting all sorts of relativistic effects that were later proven to actually exist, and be vital to use in the engineering calculations of particle accelerators.

This assumption of light’s isotropic nature was used as the basis for all his physics calculations.  His theory implied that mass accumulates at greater speeds, that time slows down, and that length contracts.  There is no physical mechanism underlying these phenomena, only the assumption that the vector addition of the radial and axial velocity of light is equal to the measured axial speed of light.  Every experiment conducted to date to test this theory has confirmed the effects predicted by his theory.

Thus, no credible attack could be made on the evidence if we wished to rebut the Michelson-Morley experiment and its implications.  Rather, to overturn this universal conception, we would have to reframe the results of the MMX so as to understand its results in a more physical manner that was likewise consistent with the panoply of physical effects now recognized as actual relativistic phenomena.

Definition: axial velocity: The speed and direction of the photon in the absolute/rest-frame at the time of emission.  The photon will always have an axial velocity equal to exactly the local speed of light.

• The rest frame is the Absolute Frame, the frame where the ether does not move.  This is the frame that mediates the conduction of EM radiation (radio to photons).
• For conceptualization purposes, the rest frame can be considered as following a Cartesian coordinate system.  This assumption implies the universe has an effective origin, a center point, a 0,0,0 point where the Big Bang began, and an invisible x,y,z axis defining right-left, up-down, and front-back.
• Again, the direction of the photon at the time of emission defines the axial direction, and a conscious projection by every matrix point relays that axial propagation.

Definition: Radial velocity: The velocity of the emitter or reflector with respect to the absolute axial velocity.

• The photon will have two vector velocity components.  The radial and axial components will add to create a hypotenuse velocity.
• Note, the velocity of the emitter or reflector that is parallel (collinear) with the axial velocity of the photon will add or subtract energy from the photon, thus raising or lowering its frequency, but having no effect on its axial velocity of propagation.

Definition: Hypotenuse velocity (the Absolute velocity of the photon):  A photon emitted from a moving source has both an axial velocity, and a radial velocity.  Thus, the vector sum of these two velocities equals the absolute velocity of any particular photon.  The photon covers an absolute distance related to the vector sum of the axial and perpendicular velocity.

Again, this new concept of the ether is stated as follows: A photon travels at a constant Absolute axial velocity regardless of the photon’s direction of emission from the emitter.  The photon’s radial velocity depends on the angle at which the photon is emitted in relationship to the axial velocity of the emitter.

The testing methods of the MMX were unable to detect the fact that the light was traveling perpendicular to the ether wind because both the emitter and reflector were traveling at the same velocity.  And as a result, both the emission and reflection process provided the photon with the same radial velocity that allowed the photon to transit that distance in the same time as the photon traveling parallel to the ether.  The photons traveling across the ether wind will simply be given enough radial velocity at emission or reflection to neutralize and render invisible any effect of the ether wind on the velocity of the photon.

Thus, the photon going N/S and S/N (across the flow of the ether due to the earth’s rotation) has the same absolute axial velocity across the ether flow as the absolute axial velocity of the light going E/W and W/E (against and with the flow of the ether due to the earth’s rotation).  The frame of the experiment is moving, but because the light interacts with the physical components in that laboratory frame (emission, reflection (absorb and reemit), and refraction), a radial velocity is added to each photon at each interaction with the mechanism.  Thus, because the Michelson-Morley apparatus is all within an inertial frame (not accelerating and thus not adding any additional forces to the particles of the experiment), the perpendicular velocity added to each photon cause them to move with the frame and thus effectively behave the same as if the system was standing still.  Thus, this method of carrying light by the ether produces symmetries of radial velocity for all photons in the entire apparatus.  This causes the photons to cancel out any observable effect due to the effect of a radial velocity.

The result of the Michelson-Morley experiment is a result that appears to confirm the Einsteinian hypothesis, which forms the center of the theory of Relativity, that the speed of light is isotropic in every inertial frame.  But, in actuality, this theory is incomplete, because it ignores the fact that light can have a radial velocity vector, and ends up transforming the entire universe around a constant, which is actually a variable.  Thus, the constant of time, which actually is a constant, is made to vary.  Mass actually does increase in its energy content, but this is due to the Kinetic Energy Field that it accumulates in the space around it.  And length, which is also an absolute, appears to contract, but its contraction is an appearance produced by the fact that light slows down due to the DP Sea/Matrix changing the rate at which it conducts Force information.  Thus, objects appear to contract because light takes so long to conduct in the space where the m and e of that space are increased so greatly by the large content of energy held in the space.

The Theory of Absolutes axioms include:

• The axial velocity of light is dependent upon the m and e of the local environment, as per the equation c=1/√με
• The axial velocity of light is identical in every inertial reference frame.
• An emitter or reflector imparts an absolute radial velocity to each photon.
• The axial and radial velocities obey the rules of vector addition.
• The axial and radial velocities are independent variables.
• The absolute radial velocity of a photon is determined by the angle (è) between the axial velocity of the emitter which produces the photon and the axial velocity of the photon emitted from the source, all measured in the absolute frame.