The Heavens Declare His Handiwork

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Thomas Lee Abshier, ND

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Photon Reflection

By Thomas Abshier, ND

o In insulators a large a large gap of energy exists between the valence electrons and the energies of the amount of energy the electrons would need to have to be free of the bonds of the atomic nuclei and their orbitals, and be able to function as the metallic type of free electrons that were able to carry current like a metal.  Insulators do not have a metallic shine to them unless they are polished smooth, in which case they have angles of incidence where they reflect light strongly at near perpendicular angles.  Such an effect is probably due to electrons which were in a higher energy state due to their surface tension type of bonding and could respond in a manner similar to the way metals do because of that configuration.

o Semiconductors have a smaller gap than an insulator (.5-1 electron volts to get to the conduction band energies as opposed to 4 or more ev for the insulators).  Semiconductors conduct a little bit because of their smaller gap of energy needed to get them to move electrons.  But, the energy is still too large for low resistance current flow.   Silicon and Germanium are examples of semiconductors.  These metals are not shiny and silvery reflective like the more conductive metals like Silver.  

· The Gap and Conduction Layer theory of photon reflection by polished metallic surfaces holds that metal atoms have a sea of “conduction-band” electrons which are bound to the nucleus in the outer reaches of its effect.  The energies that these electrons can hold as per the rules of quantum mechanics are so numerous as to effectively allow every electron in that orbital band to acquire virtually any quantum of energy up to the point of ionization.***

o Aside: Note: the size of the photon is large compared to the size of the increment of orbital increase that would be supplied by a quantum of energy that would ionize an atom (separate it from the orbital system), or raise an electron orbital from one discreet quantum level to the next (i.e. from a non-conduction band orbital to a higher orbital).

o But, if the energy of the photon is equivalent to an increment of energy that is “absorbable” by the allowed quanta of the orbital electrons, a single, comparatively small orbital could absorb the entire energy of the comparatively large photon.

o This is remarkable that a large photon of the proper energy could interact with the electron and be fully absorbed by an electron orbital whose size is so very much smaller.  

o Consider the issue of wavelength vs. orbital size being the factor producing resonance.  Obviously this is not the case since the size of the two is so greatly disparate, that the photon wavelength does not resonate with the size of the increment of orbital activation.

o But, consider the magnitude of the energy contained in the photon compared to the increment of allowed activation energy.  This factor does appear to be the primary consideration in producing resonance between photon and orbital.

o Given that the photon has a large size, and it transfers its energy to a single electron orbital of a very small size, the uncertainty of location of the focal point of the photon’s energy at any moment may allow the photon to interact with the photon and focus its energy at that one spot, and thus transfer the activation energy to the electron orbital.

o The exact mechanics of this interaction are ambiguous, but the evidence is strong that a single orbital electron will absorb a photon with energy content equivalent to the energy differential of an allowed quantum increment between orbitals. 

o A non metallic surface will have a pronounced reduction in reflection by having a roughened surface.  The reduction in photonic reflection implies that the photon is more likely to be absorbed into a medium when the interface does not present a smooth surface.  The reason for the increased absorption, and reduction in reflection, is that a smooth surface allows the photon to more easily separate the perpendicular and horizontal component of the photon.  As a result of the irregular surface, there is a greater chance that the horizontal and vertical component of the photon will penetrate the medium.    

o The answer to this is that when the electron is impacted by the energy of the incoming photon, that the energy is completely absorbed instantly.  In other words, the electron that can absorb the energy of the photon will suddenly simply “have” that energy.  It is an instantaneous possession.  The space of the orbital electron is able to hold that energy properly, and rather than the electron physically accelerating to hold that energy, instead the electron is simply holding the energy in that space.  The acceleration associated with the having the extra energy quantum attached to it is only related to how much velocity the particle has at each moment compared to the energy it has and the distance it is from the nucleus.  The question of velocity and energy and distance is almost irrelevant at this point because of the quantized nature of the energy, mass, and position.

o The answer to this question is that at the surface of metals, there is an edge effect that puts these electrons in a more bonded position than the electrons in the inner bulk area of the media.

o Thus, the electrons that the photon hits at the interface are going to be bonded, accelerated, and produce a reactive field.  It is this reaction field that will cause the rebounding/reflected photon of the vertical photon component.

o The answer to this is that when the heavier atoms and molecules vibrate to carry the photon, they travel at a particular velocity throughout the time they are passing through the bulk of the media.

o When the photon gets to the edge of the internal interface, going to a lighter, more rapid conducting media, the electrons at the edge attempt to transfer their energy to the lighter media, e.g. DPs.  But, if the second media is lighter, has less inertia, and responds quicker, then it will respond differently than the first media as it attempt to transfer energy.  This mismatch will cause the first media to continue in its direction longer and keep pushing to transfer its energy.  But, since the energy of the first media is not transferred, it will recoil backwards by the attraction of the nuclei and internal bonding of the first media.  The result is a reflection internal to the first media, due to its inability to transfer it well to the lighter second media.

o Since there is no energy barrier to overcome for all of the electrons in the metallic conduction band, any energy held by any activated electron will be unconstrained to the vicinity of any single orbital.  A unit of activated energy applied to a single photon will move throughout the metallic media.  The energy will not be restrained and contained in a single orbital, as happens to energy trapped in activated orbitals by the discreet energy gaps separating the allowable energies of non-metals.  

o The activated energy of an orbital electron of a non-metal thus, maintains its location until random forces or the natural variability in location due to the random quantum locating effect moves the electron out of its place of being stuck holding the activated energy of an orbital.  Typically the activated orbital will decay after a period of 10-8 seconds.  When the electron is sufficiently out of the radius and velocity corresponding to its Bohr orbital, it cannot sustain the energy of activation.  At that point, the orbital decays and radiates a photon in the direction tangent to its current orbital position.  

o All electrons can hold the energy of activation held by any one electron.  Thus, the electron is free to come into contact with other electrons in the conduction zone, repel them, and have the kinetic energy field of the electron continue on in the linear manner that kinetic energy demands.  

o When a non-metal orbital electron, i.e. an orbital required to maintain a discreet energy, attempts to follow the tangent of its orbit and diverge from the allowable radial position associated with the orbital quantum energy, space itself will redirect the kinetic energy field to conform to the path of the allowable orbital.

o While strictly true for electrons in the metal’s conduction band, the result of adding a quantum of energy to one of the electrons in the conduction band will produce a chain reaction of action.  The activated electron is free to follow the tangent directed by their kinetic energy fields until they get to the position dictated by the quantum mechanical restrictions of space.  

o Every electron stays within the orbital space allowed by its quantum of energy, but if an impulse of energy is applied to a conduction band electron, it will follow the kinetic energy field from the applied impulse.  And, when the energy was supplied, it would continue to pass that energy on to another electron that came in close proximity. Thus, the energy that passed to the metal initially would continue in the same direction through the metal, passing form one electron to the next.

o For example: a light atom striking a heavy atom will bounce backward, while transmitting some energy to the heavier atom.  Likewise, a heavier atom will continue on in the same direction after collision with a lighter atom, but its velocity will be slower.  

o The analogy is somewhat obvious as to how light undergoes a phase reversal when striking a slower conducting medium, and undergoes no phase reversal when reflecting off a faster conducting medium.

o Thus, the reactive field will generate a reflected photon that will reassemble to form the reversed perpendicular component.  It reassembles with the continued propagation of the parallel component to produce the reflected photon.