The Heavens Declare His Handiwork

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Thomas Lee Abshier, ND

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Photon Reflection

By: Thomas Lee Abshier, ND

o The photon possesses the following properties:

§ A forward-directed kinetic energy field corresponding to the increment of kinetic energy field lost by the originating electron.  

§ An E and B field polarizing space in a direction transverse (perpendicular) to the direction of travel of the photon.  

o When the photon collides with the reflecting surface, the photon behaves as though it is composed of energy with two perpendicular components:

§ 1. A component traveling perpendicular to the surface of the interface

§ 2. A component traveling parallel to the surface of the interface

o Each of these two energetic components will have their own effect on the electron orbitals.

§ The perpendicular energetic component will deform the electron orbital in a direction perpendicular to the interface.  

§ The parallel energetic component may not interact with the surface at all.

o If the horizontal component does not engage, the perpendicular energetic component is reflected.

§ The perpendicular energy vector induces a field countering the velocity imparted to the orbital electron.  

§ This counter-field reflects backward and re-generates the photonic energy flowing in the opposite direction.

§ The incoming photonic energy is the equivalent in response to the collision of a small hard rubber ball as it is thrown against a cement wall.  The wall and ball compress and recoil.  

§ The photon is attempting to transmit its energy into the metal surface, but the metallic conduction layer electrons do not move as rapidly as the incoming photon.  Thus, the metal generates a perpendicular reaction field in response to the incoming photon.  

§ The parallel component reconnects, and reforms with the reflected portion of the photon.  Thus, the reflected perpendicular component of energy, and the parallel component leave the reflective media, and the photon returns to its path through the vacuum.  

§ The reflective media gains two units of momentum to compensate for the reversal of momentum of the photon.  Momentum is conserved.

§ The reflective medium gains an increment of kinetic energy corresponding to its added momentum.  The photon rebounds having lost an increment of kinetic energy, and hence has a lower frequency that corresponds to having reflected off a receding surface.  Kinetic Energy is conserved.

o Photons can reflect off a smooth metallic and a non-metallic surface.  But, light does not reflect off non-metallic surfaces with as much intensity at all angles of incidence.  We shall explore the factors that govern why these two media differ in their reflectivity.

§ The transition metal’s outer orbitals are so far away from the nucleus, and shielded by so many internal electrons, that the increments of energy between each allowable orbital are close to the theoretical minimum.

§ These electrons are called the “conduction band” electrons.  The conduction band electrons can carry any energy in a broad range between ground level and ionization.  As a result, the conduction band electrons will absorb and can carry virtually any energy increment in that band of energies.

§ When a small increment of energy is applied to the metal, that energy will flow from orbital to orbital, and conduct the energy that is put into the first orbital electron.  

§ The broad range of kinetic energies that the conduction band orbitals can carry allows the electrons to take the kinetic energy field impressed on the first orbital electron in the media, and transfer that energy from orbital to orbital.  

§ In an orbital system with a large band gap, the kinetic energy field of the orbital is constrained to follow the orbital path of the electron.  But, in the conduction band, that restriction is lifted.  

§ The kinetic energy field (which carries the inertia, momentum, kinetic energy of a mass) travels straight.  Bending this energy around the orbital path is a trick, a special case; it happens only because of the restrictions of quantum mechanics.  

§ Because the conduction electrons can carry such a broad range of energies, and because they are packed so close together in the metallic lattice, the kinetic energy field can radiate between conduction band orbital electrons in the lattice and track a straighter path through the metal.  

§ If a metallic atom were to be isolated, and given a unit of kinetic energy, then it would merely rise to that level of activation, and stay there until the random forces of decay triggered the release of that unit of energy, and a photon was released.

§ But, if the metal atoms were tightly packed in a lattice, then the locations where that energy could be associated with an orbital electron are almost fully uniform throughout the lattice.  Thus, a unit of kinetic energy applied to a metallic lattice can be applied at any point in the lattice, and the energy of that unit will conduct straight through at a significant fraction of the vacuum speed of light.

§ Non-metals do not conduct a unit of energy applied to their bulk in this manner.  The non-metals have significant energetic gaps between their subsequent activation energy levels, and an increment of energy applied to a non-metallic element is captured and cannot move freely through the media once captured.  It can re-radiate that energy as a photon, but it will not flow in a linear manner through the media as a kinetic energy.  

o Thus, when a photon enters the non-metallic media it is in essence completely consumed and locked in place.  Such a photon would not reflect since it has been absorbed.  

o When a photon enters a metallic media, the energy of the photon makes a small penetration into the conduction band electrons.  The movement is so rapid, and the hold on any one unit of kinetic energy field is so small, that the electron is accelerated into the metallic media.  

§ Thus, the initial impact of the photon on the conduction electrons accelerates the conduction electrons, which produces a reaction field against the acceleration.

§ In a normal mass impacting mass collision, the acceleration of the conduction band electron would create a backward directed E field that would repel the incoming mass.  

§ The following elements are included in a collision that transfers and reflects energy.

§ Energy transfer in Photon Reflection: There is no incoming mass associated with the photon, but it nevertheless has a kinetic energy field.  Thus, when the energy of the photon strikes and accelerates the electron, it a system equivalent to a very low mass system striking a very high mass system.

o In the case of non-metallic reflection, the perpendicular component of the photon’s energy impacts the surface in such a way as to accelerate the electrons at the interface in a manner similar to the metallic interface.  

§ In the case of non-metallic reflection, the photon strikes ordinary orbital electrons, not-conduction band.  The effect is identical; the vertical component of the photon accelerates the electron in the non-metallic media.  The electron creates a back-directed kinetic energy field against the incoming photon.  There is no mass to slow down, only the field, so the energy cannot be returned back against an incoming mass to slow it down.  The reverse photon energy radiates and rejoins the parallel energy component of the photon and reconstructs the photon, bouncing off with the angle bisected by the normal to the surface.

§ The difference between the metallic reflection and non-metallic reflection is that at all angles of incidence the photon reflects well from the metal.  This is because there are an abundance of conduction band electrons available to strike, regardless of the angle of incidence.

§ In the case of the non-metallic conductor, the angle from vertical changes the number and availability of electrons that the incoming photon may strike.  Thus, at angles farther from vertical/normal to the surface, the reflection from non metallic substances drops significantly.