The Heavens Declare His Handiwork

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Charged Particle Velocity & Kinetic Energy
Relationship of charge to Dipole Sea Particles

By: Thomas Lee Abshier, ND

2/19/2011 (revision)


All particles of mass are composed of positive and negative charges – even the neutral particles such as the neutron and neutral pi meson.  The mass effect of carrying and transmitting kinetic energy, is produced by a relative velocity between the charges in the mass and the Dipole Sea.


Review of mass particle ultrastructure:
*
Electron: The electron is composed of an unpaired Negative Dipole Particle at the center of the electron, surrounded by a Dipole Space filled with equal numbers of Positive and Negative Dipole Particles.  
-(def: The term Dipole Space is used to refer to the fact that the Dipole Particles fill all of space.  Each small volume (dV) of Dipole Space can be net positive, net negative, or neutral.  The small volume (dV) of Dipole Space can have any of the vectors, differentials, and integrals of charge density, velocity, magnetic field direction and magnitude.  The variations of these quantities )

-In the case of the space around the electron, the volume is net neutral if it does not include the central Negative Dipole Particle.  Consider a small volume (dV) of Dipole Space close and far from to the Negative Dipole Particle.  At a close radius, the Inter-DP distance will be large (I.e. distance between positive and Negative Dipole Particles) and smaller at a greater radius.  The Inter-DP distance will tend toward the neutral Inter-DP distance at large distances from the electron.  
*Positron: The positron is exactly the same particle as an electron except the charge polarity is reversed.  The positron has a Positive Dipole Particle at its center, and the surrounding Dipole Space has a reversed charge vector.  

*Proton: The proton has a net positive charge, but it has enrolled many Dipole Particles in a complex dynamic organization, that maintains its structure due to the resonant structures of attraction and repulsion that arise due to the movement of the Positive and Negative Dipoles composing the proton.  The proton is modeled as being composed of quarks, which have charges of 1/3 or 2/3 either + or -.  The quark is thus one of the units of DP organization that holds a number of DPs that are related dynamically, and stable only in relationship with other quarks at close intra-proton distances.

*Neutron: The neutron has no net charge, but it is composed of quarks, just like the proton.  The quark charges are neutralized, at a distance, but within the structure of the neutron, the Positive and Negative Dipole Particles form net positive and net negative structures.  Each of the Dps enrolled by the neutron to form its structure will have a velocity with reference to the Dipole Sea, the at-rest absolute framework.  
-The effect of moving DPs will be the formation of a magnetic field that builds in the leading edge, and collapses in the trailing edge.  The net result being the maintenance of velocity until a force either accelerates or decelerates the DPs.  Thus, the negative or positive DPs will carry kinetic energy internal to the larger mass structure, whether it be charged or uncharged.  

*Mesons: The neutron and proton are both 3 quark structures.  The mesons are 2 quark structures.  The net charge of the particle of mass has no effect on its ability to carry kinetic energy, even though kinetic energy is mediated by charged particles.  


Every DP with an absolute velocity through the Dipole Sea carries kinetic energy.  If the DP does not have enough kinetic energy to form a unit of mass, that energy will be absorbed by the local DP Sea and form a photon and carry that packet of energy as a directional wave.  


  An isolated DP will not travel very far before it gathers a cohort of DPs and forms a particle of mass.  Such is the case with Pair Formation.  In the case of a Negative DP given sufficient escape velocity (.511 mev), the negative DP would break free of its corresponding positive DP, and form an electron.  The kinetic energy of the negative DP was thus converted into the static mass-organization of an electron.  The organized Dipole Space surrounding the negative DP, that became an electron, is stressed electrically, and the amount of stress is the equivalent of the mass energy of the electron.


It does not matter whether a particle is charged (e.g. electron, positron, proton, or more complex charged particle) or charge-neutral (neutron, neutral pi meson...) the charges aggregated around a net positive or negative charge, or associated dynamically in a resonant structure, will create an electromagnetic polarization of space corresponding to their absolute velocity through the Matrix.  This is the electromagnetic structure underlying kinetic energy.  


 travels through space, it polarizes and aligns the Dipole Sea.  The charge aligns the Positive and Negative Dipole by their charge, magnetic poles, and velocity (changing electric and magnetic charges). At each moment, unless acted upon by an external force, the particle will continue to travel a certain distance based upon its velocity; which is governed by its kinetic energy and its momentum.  The equations relating mass and velocity to momentum and kinetic energy are:

· The equation of momentum: p = mv

· The equation of kinetic energy: E = ½ mv².


How does a particle regulate and determine its distance traveled each moment?  

· The particle in motion travels a certain distance each moment.  This is the definition and underlying concept behind velocity.

· From the human perspective of viewing distance as a fundamental property of space, our natural tendency is to treat space as though it was built on an invisible grid that marks distance.


That kinetic energy will only interact with a target with a relative velocity.  The concept of absolute velocity is currently anathema in the physics community.  But, with the recognition of velocity as a


But, the concept of an ether, or absolute distance, was first challenged by the Michelson-Morley Experiment of 1887.  With the adoption of Einstein’s Theory of Relativity in 1905, the , which basically declared that there is no metric of distance other than the speed of light.

§ And, if this is the case, then the underlying nature of distance may be mediated by the electrical and magnetic interactions of the electrons and positrons of the Lattice.  

· We can understand the local speed of light in terms of the electrical and magnetic properties of space (ì and å).  

§ The Inductive constant of empty space: (ì = magnetic permeability = Henrys/meter)

§ The Capacitive constant of empty space: (å = electrical permittivity = Farads/meter)

§ The speed of light in terms of these two constants: (c = 1/√ìå).  

§ Thus, distance appears as a concept because time passes while light travels (information).  

· When particles travel and collide, they pass information via the electrical and magnetic properties of space about their motion.  The force exerted by one particle on another during a collision is relayed through space at the speed of light.  In typical real-world collisions, neutral objects such as atoms collide.  Such collisions are actually an interaction between the orbital shells of atoms.  The shells repel each other and transfer the kinetic energy of momentum carried in the Dipole Sea around the atom.  The electrical fields from the cue ball have reached the 8 ball long before the 8 ball begins to move noticeably.  But the collision is a continuum of force and reaction since the electrical and magnetic signals from the cue ball are sent at the speed of light through space.  Therefore the two balls are in electromagnetic force contact throughout their travel.  But, little movement occurs between the two balls until they come into close proximity because the atom’s electron cloud is neutralized by its positive nuclear charge.  A dipole charge will have only a small net field when the distance from the dipole is large compared to the distance between the positive and negative charge.  Therefore, while the two balls are in electromagnetic contact throughout the course of the collision, the near complete cancellation of fields from the nucleus and electron cloud result in an essentially zero net electrical field until the two electron clouds are in close contact.

§ In other words, charges are always in communication with each other, responding to the presence and movement of the other charge via a field traveling at the local speed of light field.  The fastest that a field can leave a particle and come toward another particle is at the local speed of light.  

§ Therefore, the property of space that we perceive as distance really is a reflection of how long a signal takes to travel a certain distance.  

§ On an electromagnetic level, the property of space which creates this lag in communication is the ì (Henrys/meter) and å (Farads/meter) of space.  It is the particles of space that mediate fields, the passage of a message from one particle to another.  

§ The dipole particles are probably packed very tightly, on the order of 1045/meter.   Which is very dense compared to the size of the nucleus which is only 10-15 meter.  

§ In other words, we can hypothesize that the Dipole Particles mediate the passage of the wave, that they absorb it, and re-radiate it according to the electrical and magnetic properties present at that space.  In other words, every particle is responsible for absorbing and re-radiating every wave that passes through it, and processing it according to the EM parameters of that space.

§ The particles could execute this processing function by having an embedded standard associated with a zero stress space, which would correspond to the fastest speed of light because there was the minimum capacitive and inductive properties of space at this level of EM load on the space.  But, as space becomes more stressed, as the particles become more disturbed, their capacitance and inductance will increase.

§ In other words, distance is an artifact of time in combination with the delay associated with communicating between particles.  

§ The delay occurs because of the electromagnetic processes that occur in the transmission of field signals between particles.

· To establish the validity of this bold statement, we return to our original declaration that the universe is a collection of conscious particles projected from the mind of God.

§ When we visualize a space filled with conscious particles, we must ask, “How close together are the points, or alternatively, how much space is between them?”  But, the concept of space only has meaning if it takes time to communicate between the points.  

§ Such an assumption is the basis of the hypothesis of the need for a process between particles which requires the passage of a certain number of moments before allowing a signal to continue.  

§ Thus, the process of delaying the transit of electromagnetic fields so that they transit space over a period of time is the result of the rules embedded within the particles.  

§ If space was filled with conscious particles with a common universal consciousness they would inherently be able to communicate instantly between each other.  

§ Thus, to create a lag between conscious particles requires that the unity of consciousness of the universe be broken into partitions.  To create this delay in signal propagation we must have the following conditions:

§ An electromagnetic signal is generated by each charge simply by its existence, and added to that is an EM signal generated by its movement.  

· That signal travels past a number of particles, each moment, and that number of particles corresponds to the distance traveled by the speed of light in that particular medium.  

· That increment of distance is governed by the electromagnetic nature of space, which changes according to the amount of polarization of that space.  

· In other words, the ì (inductance) and å (capacitance) of space govern the speed of light, and anything that polarizes space more heavily, e.g. mass, velocity, EM fields, will cause the speed of light to slow down in that space.

§ The limit on the rate of data transmission allows for the processes of life and human drama to unfold over time.

· Since space is inherently inductive and capacitive, it is reasonable to analyze the concept and properties of inductance and capacitance.

§ Capacitance and inductance are the intertwining factors that produce the time lag in the propagation of the signals emitted by each particle at each moment.

§ The å of space is the capacitance per meter of space, and it is in units of Farads/meter.

§ The ì of space is the inductance per meter of space, and it is in units of Henrys/meter.

§ Farads have the units of time embedded within them:

· = coulombs/[(kg-m²/sec²)/coulomb]  

§ Likewise, Henrys have the units of time embedded within them:

§ The significance of Inductance and capacitance being related to seconds, or moments, is that they are dependent upon a process.

· An electron will travel a certain distance at each moment with a given kinetic energy.

§ The charge polarizes and aligns the Dipole Sea a certain amount associated with the velocity of the particle.  

§ As a corollary, the Dipole Sea is polarized a certain amount due to the energy applied to that particle.  And, that amount of dynamic polarization corresponds to the energy stored by the particle, and a certain rate of movement.

· During dynamic processes, signals/fields move past other particles.  When a particle perceives a field passing by, it detects a change in field strength.  

§ One of the programs embedded in the charged particle is the detection of a change in the magnetic field.

§ When a magnetic field changes, it produces an E Field force.  The equation relating the changing B field to the E field is:

§  The acceleration of the particle created by the E field so created is in the same direction as the B field.

· Likewise, the charge detects a change in the E field and reacts by producing a B field that opposes the changing E field.  

§ The equation relating the change in E field to the B field is:

· These forces generated by the particle’s velocity in relation to the Dipole Sea propel the forward velocity of the mass, prevent its acceleration or deceleration, and thus maintain its constant velocity.

§ The reverse force generated by the Dipole Sea opposes the forward force associated with the stored kinetic energy of the particle.

§ Therefore, there is no change in velocity, only maintenance of the velocity established while the particle was subject to a net external field.  

· The initial accelerating force which produced the velocity of the particle continues to act as the net force that moves the particle forward at every moment.  

§ The initial acceleration of the particle sent a wave of EM polarization into the unpolarized/unaligned space in front of the particle.  

§ This oncoming/invading polarization of space by the particle causes the Dipole Sea to produce a reactive force field to maintain its previous state of polarization.

§ The induced Dipole Sea field in front of particle opposes the oncoming polarizing and aligning particle.

§ But, the Dipole Sea cannot generate enough reactive force to slow down or stop the particle.  

§ The Dipole Sea can only generate enough reactive force to cause the particle to retain is current velocity.

§ The particle will only be able to accelerate or decelerate when an external force field acts upon it.

§ Net acceleration requires the transfer of energy from mass, External Fields, or the fields associated with Kinetic energy.

§ The Dipole Sea reactive forces do not generate any net energy to cause a change in velocity, they only maintain equilibrium.

§ A changing E and B field produces a force that will accelerate a particle, but if the changing E & B fields are all associated with the same particle in the maintenance of velocity, there is no net transfer of energy.

§ Net energy only transfers when one particle accelerates and another decelerates.