The Heavens Declare His Handiwork

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Thomas Lee Abshier, ND

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Local Speed of Light

By: Thomas Lee Abshier, ND

The speed of light is unique at each point in space, and appears to have many different factors which affect its speed, e.g. gravity, matter, and quantum state.  We can integrate the influence contributed by each of these effects by noting that the speed of light can be computed by considering only the magnetic permeability (ì) and electrical permittivity (å) of the local space in the equation: c = 1/√ìå.  The question is then, what are the factors that affect the magnetic and electric parameters of space.  And ultimately we wish to understand why and how each of these phenomena, gravity, matter, and quantum state, affect the magnetic and electrical properties of space.    

· *** ??? (Are there any experiments, e.g. ahranov bohm experiment that confirm an EM induced change in speed of light due to the presence of EM fields.)

o The Dipole Sea particles appear to be intimately involved in helping propagate EM disturbances through space.  Thus, could modifications in the interactions of the DP’s by various phenomena explain the changes in the speed of light seen caused by:

o The deBroglie wavelength; the appearance of mass having a wavelength; possibly due to the interaction between particles and the Dipole Sea.  

o The Uncertainty Principle; the inability to measure the location and velocity of a particle because it must be disturbed by a wave or particle which has a momentum, in order to measure the object’s momentum.

o The Schrödinger Wave Equation; the equation which accurately predicts the allowable energies that can be occupied by electron orbitals.

o Black Body Radiation; the Boltzman curve distribution of light intensity vs. frequency is emitted by a black object heated up to various temperatures from sub-freezing to solar fusion.  The curve is made up of discrete frequency waves, each separated by multiples of Plank’s constant.

o The Bose-Einstein Condensate; a supercooled gas of an atom, such as Rubidium, which has been cooled sufficiently that the thermal energy of each of the particles occupies the same quantum state.  Possibly this is simply the amount of energy necessary to fit between the particles of the Dipole Sea at each moment.***

o The BEC forms when a substance is cooled to within a millionth of a degree of absolute zero (degree Kelvin, K°).  In that state, all the particles in the BEC (such as the gaseous atoms of Rubidium which were used in the first BEC experiment) are aggregated into an undifferentiated blob of atoms with a single quantum state.  

o The kinetic energies of the particles in this state are so low that all the atoms of a BEC occupy the same quantum state.  Particles of mass normally occupy a spectrum of kinetic energies, and thus a spectrum of quantum states.  

o Light normally travels though the Dipole Sea.  Undisturbed space, an empty dipole sea has no limitations upon the number of quantum states that it can occupy.  As space becomes more stressed by fields, and/or gravity the conductivity of the space will be affected.  

o Every particle in a BEC has the same quantum state, which means that to conduct light through this region; the passing wave must vibrate the mass of the electrons and positrons into a higher energy for a moment.  The masses themselves have become part of the fabric of space that must be vibrated in order to pass the EM disturbance.  

o The electromagnetic properties of mass (free particles) are different than free space.  The free particles respond much slower to the electromagnetic waves of the photon packet than the Dipole Sea particles.

In Summary: The Dipole Sea particles are less responsive to the absorption and re-emission of EM wave packets when they are more densely packed.  The Dipole Sea is less responsive when the space has atoms (mass particles) embedded within it.  And, the Dipole Sea is even less responsive when the mass closely resonates with the energetic state of the Dipole Sea.  Another way of conceptualizing why the speed of light reduces is to consider that these phenomena dampen the springiness of space.  Such dampening slows the rate of transmission of EM signals.