﻿ Kinetic Energy 2

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Thomas Lee Abshier, ND

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Kinetic Force
By: Thomas Lee Abshier, ND

a) The Kinetic Force is the net forward acting force acting on a DP traveling at a constant velocity.  The Kinetic Force is equal to the difference between the total forward force and the backward force acting on a constant velocity DP.

i) The backward force acting on a constant velocity DP is produced by the dE/dt of the increasing E field due to the forward movement of the DP into a new space.  The increasing E field causes the DPs to emit FPs with a B field orientation perpendicular to the gradient of the E field.

ii) The magnitude of the B field emitted is proportional to the rate of change of the E field.  E field changes by movement of charge.  The limits to the rate of change of the E field are proportional to the velocity of the moving charge.  The slowest rate of charge movement being one Grid Point per moment.  The fastest rate of charge movement would be the distance covered in a moment when traveling at the speed of light.  The proportionality constant relating the magnitude of the resultant B field emitted in response to the change of E field (dE/dt) is the  and  of the space.  The relationship between the magnetic field and the change of E field is seen in Ampere’s Law.

(1) Ampere’s Law, Maxwell’s 4th equation, is:

(a) curl x B = (1/c²)∂E/∂t.

(b) Where: c² = 1/, thus c = 1/

(c) Thus, the maximum magnitude of B field from a moving charge is created by a speed of light mass

(2) The corollary change in B field that creates an E field is quantified by Faraday’s Law of Induction, Maxwell’s 3rd equation, which is:

(a) Curl x E = - ∂B/∂t

(b) This equation is the basis of Lenz’s law, which describes inductive kickback, the phenomenon where a collapsing magnetic field creates a voltage that drives a spark across the switch when trying to break a circuit with an inductor carrying current.

iii) Once a charge moves, this is the beginning of an eternal regeneration of E field by changing B field, and B field by changing E field.  After the particle has moved, and a change in field has generated an EM disturbance, the change is registered by all the DPs along the path.  The B field radiates out at the speed of light from that moving point.  If the charge only moved one Grid point, then only one DP would have been influenced by the movement, and would have added its increment of FP overlap to the intensity of the FPs generated.

iv) Possibly the method by which the speed of light is limited is that a total number of DPs can be affected by E field and B field, and once this is saturated, that is as far as the polarization goes that moment.  Thus, when a space is more saturated, light travels slower.  If the DPs are already polarized, then it may take more force to polarize each DP, thus the FP does not cover as many Grid Points, and hence travels slower.

v) Two different phenomena are in play here,

(1) The rate of travel of a mass,

(2) The rate of propagation of FPs in Space.

vi) The movement of mass is due to the amount of force acting on it at each moment.

vii) The distance a wave moves is governed by how many DPs it polarizes.  This is related the electrical and magnetic parameters of space which are measured in units of capacitance per meter and inductance per meter.  The amount of electrical polarization done per meter, as well as the amount of magnetic polarization per meter ends up creating a unit of velocity.  This is because there is a unit of time that must pass before the E field change can create the B field, and in turn the B field change must happen over a unit of time.  E field change will automatically generate B field change, and B field change will automatically generate E field change.  Propagated E field cannot be separated from B field, and propagated B field cannot be separated from E field.  The two are dependent upon each other for continued propagation.

viii) All messages travel at the same rate.  But, a high velocity particle will generate a larger signal traveling at the same rate.

ix) The dE/dt and dB/dt, both create a “synthetic” B or E field.  In other words, DPs detect the change in E field produced by the change in concentration of FPs radiating from the moving charge due to the charge.  The DPs detect the change in the B field by comparison of the FP concentration at one moment, to FP concentration at the next moment.  The change in FP concentration in the volume of the trailing edge, due to the movement of the charge away from that volume, produces a change in FPs detected by the DPs, which then produce a B field.  Likewise, at each moment, because the charge has moved forward, and the dE/dt has decreased, the B field produced has decreased, which in turn caused the change in the B field.  The DPs detected this change in B field, which in turn created an E field pointing in the forward direction of the charge movement.

(1) The question is, “When does the DP release its B and E field?”

(2) It appears that once the original moving DP/charge generated change in B field occurred, and subsequent E field that drove the moving DP/charge forward, that the Synthetic E and B fields produced by that moving charge are simply passed forward, having an effect on the DPs they pass, but not going through the computation of a changing B field, and changing E field.

(3) This would indicate that the DPs emit coded FPs that identify their time of generation, and are coded for the DP of origin.  Thus, after formation of the new synthetic FPs, those FPs will continue on forever, unchanged, simply going faster or slower depending on the light conducting  state of the media.

(4) The question is thus then only “what is the method by which the asymmetry of E and B field, in the trailing edge is generated so that the trailing edge E and B field are greater, and thus supply a net force in the forward direction?”

(5) This asymmetry of the force due to momentum may be due to an unequal application of force being applied backward, compared to the force applied in the forward direction.  Note that the ongoing velocity of the particle is carried by the mass as a whole, which is a collection of both positive and negative DPs.  Note that an isolated DP (not associated with a mass) will not carry momentum, which means that an isolated DP does not acquire a velocity after a passing E field influences it.  Mass has a nature that gives it inertia once force is applied to it.  Free DPs only move during the time that forces are acting upon them.  Neutral mass is not homogeneous in its internal charge configuration.

(6) The phenomenon of momentum is given some concrete reality by the examination of the collision between two neutral atomic masses.  In such a collision, the E fields of the outer electron shells repel each other at the point of collision.  The distortion of the electron cloud of the impacted atom moves these charges toward the region in front of the nucleus, which causes the positively charged nucleus to accelerate forward toward the distorted charge.  The greater the distortion of the electron cloud forward, the greater the accelerating force, and thus the greater velocity transferred.  And of course, the opposite effect is occurring in the incoming neutral mass, with the ultimate net effect of its deceleration.

(a) Likewise, in the case of momentum, the E and B fields surrounding a moving particle will cause an internal separation of the opposite polarity DPs.  The ongoing change in B field produces the E Field, which causes the production of the charge-separating force.  But, separation itself does not cause movement; rather there must be a comparative stability of one part of the charged particle, and a movability of the other.  Thus, in the process of ongoing movement, where mass has momentum, the E and B fields surrounding the charged particles will be asymmetric.  The forward part will have a greater field polarizing and stabilizing it, causing the opposing charges to be attracted and move forward.

(7) In the case of a collision between charged single particles (e.g. between electrons), the net effect of collision is to apply a repulsive E field between the outer negative DP shells of the two colliding electrons.  The repulsion of the outer shells will produce a higher concentration of negative DPs in the region away from the point of impact.  Thus, the region of negative polarity will then attract the positive DPs forward (and in the case of the incoming electron, it will experience the same and opposite distortion of charges occurs around its central DP, which will cause deceleration of the incoming electron).

(a) Note: this is an argument for transfer of momentum and particle acceleration/deceleration based only on the charge distortion produced by a particle with the ability to produce a change in velocity.  The other half of this process is the changing B and E fields, which produce the E fields to propel, and B fields to store energy for the next moment’s propulsion by E field when it collapses.  Thus, there is a space variable concentration of fields surrounding the moving charge, and also a time variable concentration of charge.

(8) Consider next the case of two colliding neutrons.  The momentum (Kinetic Energy) of a neutron is held in the E and B fields, which are created by the movement of the charged DPs constituting the neutron.  These moving charges create the changing E and B fields associated with the storage of energy and the force of propulsion.  The sequence of movement of a neutron, which is a neutral particle composed of equal negative and positive DPs, begins with an E field approaching from an incoming moving mass.  The E field from the incoming mass will polarize the neutral mass with a longitudinal charge distribution.  The target neutron will thus have an induced dipolar structure imposed upon it by the incoming external E field (Kinetic Energy Field) associated with the momentum of the incoming particle.  Note: since the charge distribution of the neutron is somewhat homogeneous, there will be a greater amount of penetration/overlap of the charges constituting the neutron, resulting in deeper penetration and less sharp (approaching 180 degree) reflections.  The neutron carrying momentum will have a stronger E field in the leading edge/forward portion of the neutron than the trailing edge; this gives the neutron the net directional force that actually moves the particle complex in its forward direction.  There is also an opposing E field that is polarizing the neutron (and all particles of mass while they carry momentum).  This opposing E field keeps the Kinetic Energy fields anchored to the mass.  Otherwise, when there is a parity of Dipole particles present in the space, the Kinetic Energy fields fly off at the speed of light as an EM wave or photon.  The most obvious example of this is the electron-positron pair annihilation.  But, there are elements of this that also happen when an orbital electron loses momentum in an orbital shell drop.

(9) The same principles for carrying momentum/Kinetic energy apply to all particles.  Every mass carries Kinetic Energy with the same type of charge distribution, field generation, and forces operating to produce continued velocity.

(10) For emphasis, I reiterate that the entire dynamic sequence of acceleration, particle coherence within the mass, polarization of the Dipoles within the mass, the changes in field strength due to Charge movement creating a reciprocal E field to B field transformation, and B field to E field transformation, that time delay between creation of fields, and acting on the particles associated with the speed of light FPs, and the anchoring of the dynamic E and B fields to the moving charges due to the presence of the di-polarization of the particles.

b) When the net force on a DP sums to zero, the velocity of the DP is absolute zero.  This is true because movement only occurs when there is a net force on a DP.

c) When the Kinetic Force alone is acting on a mass (i.e. a large collection of DPs of opposite polarity, held together in a resonance state of mutual interaction), and there are no other external forces acting upon it, the Kinetic Force alone will be the driving force, and that force will produce the absolute velocity of the mass.  This is the process behind Newton’s 1st law of motion, “Every object in a state of uniform motion tends to remain in that state of motion unless an external force is applied to it.”

d) A mass accelerates when an external force is applied to a mass with a constant velocity.  The Kinetic Force advances the mass forward at a constant rate, and the external force accelerates its velocity.  This is the basis of Newton’s 2nd Law of motion:

i) “The relationship between an object's mass m, its acceleration a, and the applied force F is F = ma.”

e) When a mass accelerates, such as by a collision, the mass is given a net force acting upon it over a period of time.  During the time of force application, the particle continues to accelerate and accumulate kinetic energy.  When the force is removed, the acceleration ceases, and movement continues at a constant velocity according to the Kinetic Force acting upon it.

i) What process is maintaining the particle’s movement after the external, accelerating force releases?

(1) Kinetic Energy is stored in the Kinetic Energy Fields during the time of acceleration.

(2) The Kinetic Energy Fields are transferred to another mass upon collision.

(3) Kinetic Energy is the commonly measured and computed macroscopic measurement, but the actual force operating on the particles in the mass is the Kinetic Force, which is related to the E field generated by the collapsing B field stored in the space surrounding the particle.  It is this Force that moves the particle each moment, and thus sustains the mass velocity.

(a) If Kinetic Energy were simply a storage form of energy, having nothing to do with actually driving motion, then we would have to hypothesize an entirely new entity to produce that function.

(b) The hypothesis of another entity that is used only to maintain kinetic energy does not satisfy Occam’s Razor.  Such an entity would make the universe more complicated than simply using processes already well established in the body of theory.

(4) Thus, we propose that Kinetic Energy is a simply a secondary phenomena dependent upon more primary processes, such as the Kinetic Force, mass, velocity, and the self-recreative action of magnetic and electric fields.  Thus, the Kinetic Energy participates in maintaining the velocity of the mass.

f) In previous sections we have already elaborated and examined the theory that there are two regions of magnetic and Electric Field influence around moving particles of charged mass.  The theory demands that the forces be unequal, with the Forward-pointing E field is of greater magnitude than the rearward-pointing E field.  Thus, the E fields produced by the collapsing and building of the magnetic fields on the trailing and leading edges of moving charged particles of mass are cannot be equal and opposite, as this would not allow any movement.

i) The collapsing B field of the trailing edge of the moving charged mass produces an E field that pushes in the forward direction.

ii) And the building B field in the leading edge produces the backward pressing E field of the inertial force, which opposes forward motion.

iii) Obviously, for movement to occur, the forward (rear) force must be larger than the rearward (leading edge) force.  Both of these E Field forces are produced by the rate of change of the stored magnetic field.

g) To produce movement, the forward pressing E field must be larger than the backward pressing E field.  The presence of a net force will result in the forward advancement of the mass by an increment of distance proportional to the force, thus creating movement each moment.

i) To produce this force inequality, we examine the moments in which the application of an external force is accelerating a charged mass.  The force of acceleration is applied for a number of moments, and the mass accelerates each moment the force is applied, and, according to Newton’s 1st Law, that velocity is retained from the acceleration of each previous moment, and remains stable after the force is removed.

ii) This makes sense because the mass will be accumulating Kinetic Energy each moment during the time of acceleration, which corresponds to a building of the Kinetic Force, which in turn is the motive force that causes the self perpetuating movement.

h) In attempting to determine what the magnetic field is at any point in space we consider the various equations that determine what the magnetic field at a point.

i) Note: The Biot-Savart Law is not applicable to the question of Kinetic Energy, but it is an important equation that is used to calculate the contribution to the magnetic field at a point in space from each of the points of current in a wire.  The situation is somewhat similar, in that we have a current, and we are attempting to determine the magnetic field at each point in space in front of and behind a moving point charge.  But, since there is only one charge in the examination, the equation is not applicable.  Nevertheless, it is presented below to introduce the terms that are used in electromagnetic calculations.

(1) B = v x E/c²

(a) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biot-Savart_law

(b) Where E = q/(4ð0r²)

(c) q = charge, in coulombs

(d) 0 = electrical permittivity of space, in Farads/meter

(e) r = distance from each increment of charge to the point of measurement of the E field

(f) v = velocity, in meters/second

(g) E = E field, in volts/meter

(h) B = magnetic field in Tesla (volt-sec/meter²)

ii) The more relevant equation to determine the magnitude and direction of the magnetic field at any point in front of or in back of the moving charge is Ampere’s Law, one of Maxwell’s four equations.  This equation may be applied to any configuration of charge.  It relates the magnetic field that is created in response to a changing E field.

(1) Ampere’s Law, Curl x B = (1/c²)∂E/∂t.

(a) http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/electric/maxeq2.html#c4

(b) Ampere’s Law gives the proportional relationship between a changing E field and the corresponding the magnetic field.  Note that the magnitude of the B field is not related to the magnitude of the E field, only the rate of change of the E field.

(c) Thus, in the case of a single moving charge, the E field will be increasing in the space in front of the moving charge, and decreasing in the space behind the moving charge.

(d) NB: (Nota Bene: (Note well - key concept): The trailing edge of the mass will have its constituent DPs compressed by the accelerating force, and retain that compression as the mass moves.  Corresponding to the trailing edge compression, the leading edge will be composed of a relatively expanded and low-density volume of DPs.  Thus, the rate of change of the E field, dE/dt at the trailing edge will be larger than the dE/dt at the leading edge of the mass.  The leading edge volume of DPs is less compressed because there is no opposing force compressing the DPs into a smaller volume.  Thus, the leading edge charges can extend forward to distribute those charges over a larger volume, resulting in a lower rate of change of E field at the leading edge, hence a less strong B field storage of energy, and reduced dB/dt (E field) produced when the leading edge B field collapses.

(e) If a charge were to move a larger increment of distance in a moment, then the number of FPs arriving at a point ahead of the moving charge would be larger than the number arriving from a slower moving charge.  This increase in number is due to the effect associated with the normal inverse square dispersion of FPs from a point, and the reduction in the amount of dispersion in the direction of travel.  Thus, the only dE/dt that will be registered will be the slight increase in concentration of FPs that arrive at a point due to the movement in the charge between one moment and the next.  The B Field will form as a result of the net change of E field associated with the messages carried by the FPs.  The FPs carry both a B field orientation message, and an E field message, both by their orientation and their concentration.

(f) Ampere’s law indicates that the magnitude of the B field will not change as the FPs travel farther away from the moving charge.  This is obviously not the case in regards to the intensity of a dipole antenna generated radio wave.  But, with regards to the undiminished regeneration of a B field from a changing E field, in the case of the straight-line passage of the stimulation of one DP transferring its message to the next, there will be no degradation of signal intensity or message along that line.  The inverse square degradation of intensity will be seen because the number of rays of E field intersected by a unit area will diminish with distance from a spherical or cylindrical radiator.

iii) The second consideration is the conversion of the B field into an E field as the charge moves forward.  This is essentially exactly the same consideration as the conversion of dE/dt into B field, but in this case the dB/dt is converted into an E field.  The same considerations are applicable regarding the non-degradation along a ray of FPs carrying a magnetic field orientation.

(1) The equation governing the transformation of changing B field into E field is Maxwell’s 4rth law, known as Faraday’s Law of Induction

(2) Curl x E = - ∂B/∂t

(3) http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/electric/maxeq2.html#c4

(4) The advancement of the charge into a space will create a changing E field, which will create a B field.  But, the next moment that B field will change because the rate of change of the E field has changed because of the movement of the charge.  Thus, the moving DPs will generate an E field in response to the resultant dB/dt.  Thus, a changing B field creates an E field the next moment, likewise, a changing E field creates a B field.  Either situation can initiate the propagation of this disturbance in space, and once initiated, it will travel outward, radially from its point of generation.  The magnitude of the B and E field will not change with time, being dependent only on their respective rates of change.  This ties closely into Planck’s equation, E = ħí.  The rapid movement of an electron during a shell drop creates a photon.  The photon is a packet of DPs momentarily moving, and passing on that movement to another segment of space at the speed of light.  The entire packet is co-linear, and hence does not degrade in intensity.

(5) In the case of the moving charge, the Magnetic field once created attempts to maintain its magnitude.  It does so by sending an E field in the direction which would cause a current that would maintain the Magnetic field.  Thus, a force behind the charge pushes it in the forward direction.  And the E field in the backward side will be greater than the E field on the forward side because the oppositely directed B field will subtract from the B field established during the approach of the mass.  The result will be a large E field pushing the charge forward.  This difference in force, forward resistance (which shall be called the Inertial Force) will be pushing against the forward directed force which shall be called the Kinetic Force.

iv) Kinetic Force Continued: Inside a moving mass, an inertial force pushes on each of the positive and negative DPs that constitute the mass to prevent it from developing a greater velocity.

(1) The movement of the charges in the mass produces a dE/dt in the space surrounding each of the DPs constituting the mass.

(2) In the case of a single moving DP, in the forward direction, the DPs experience a positive dE/dt, and at the trailing end, the DPs experience a negative dE/dt.

(a) But, in a mass, the positive and negative DPs are longitudinally di-polarized, meaning that the charges populating the leading edge are of opposite polarity to the trailing edge.  As a result, the B field created by the dE/dt of the trailing edge points in the same direction as the B field created by the leading edge charge.

(3) In response to the velocity of the charges in the mass, the space surrounding them creates a dE/dt.  And, overall, since the Kinetic Energy Force has caused the di-polarization of the charges in the mass, the dE/dt from movement of the charge creates a magnetic field (B field) associated with the velocity of the mass.  But, because of the near uniform interspersion of positive and negative DPs throughout the mass, there is no net B field detectable E or B field due to the velocity.

(4) To the rearward, the diminishing dE/dt creates a B field.

(5) The changing E field, the dE/dt, causes the local DPs to generate a magnetic force.

(6) That B field force will then act on the magnetic orientation of the DP poles, and the net force will rotate the DP magnetic Dipoles away from their randomized positions.

(7) The magnetic field force that forms at each distance from the charge has an intensity proportional to the inverse square of the distance from the charge.

(8) But since the charge is moving, there is an advancement of the charge into the space that was created by the conditions of the previous moment (i.e. the previous position, and the B field generated because of the E field of the charge in that position).

(a) But, as a result of the charge movement into this new space, the point of maximum magnetic field is rearward of the charge

(b) Likewise, a greater amount of the B field polarized space is behind the charge than when the charge was moving at a slower speed.

(c) As a result of the greater quantity of magnetic field being contained in the rearward volume, when the rearward magnetic field collapses, it produces a greater E field force in the forward direction than the force generated in the backward direction by the mass-charge entering the new space.

(d) The result is the creation of the Kinetic Force associated with a mass possessing velocity.

v) Inertial Force: The Inertial Force is the force that is pushing backwards on an external force and hence resisting the acceleration of a mass.