The Heavens Declare His Handiwork

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Thomas Lee Abshier, ND


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Ether vs. Ether-less Conduction of Light

By: Thomas Lee Abshier, ND


o Momentum simply defined as an effect

o Electromagnetic force carried by nothing

o Quantum phenomena such as particles which have no location other than probabilities

o Pair Production out of empty space, springing into existence from nothing but “energy”

o A Relativity-based universe which requires the simultaneous embrace of mutually contradictory facts.  

 

 

 

Figure: MMX Rest vs. Moving Frame

http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/relativ/mmhist.html#c1

o A rotatable table held an apparatus which generated a collimated beam of light

o The light was split by a half-silvered mirror and the two beams sent through two separate pathways at 90° angles

o The two beams were reflected back along the same path

o The two beams re-merged to create an interference pattern on the target screen.  

o When the table was rotated through a full 360°, the interference pattern on the target screen did not change.  

o Photons were emitted from a source and we shall assume the photons were collimated or in some way placed into a phase relationship that allowed them to produce an interference pattern on the screen after having traveled the path prescribed by the MMX apparatus.  

o The end result was the fact that the interference pattern did not change as it was rotated through its entire circumference.  

o The expected result was a change in the interference pattern because the light traveling perpendicular to the ether traveled farther than the leg traveling parallel to the ether.  

o The source emitted a continuous beam of in-phase photons.

o Half of the photons went through a half-silvered mirror (Lf), and half were reflected at 90° (Lm).

o Lf: The half that went through the half-silvered mirror traveled on that path, encountered a mirror, and was then reflected back to the half-silvered mirror.

o Lm: Likewise, the half that reflected 90° off the half-silvered mirror took a path to a mirror also reflected it back to the half-silvered mirror.

o A portion of these two returning beams will then pass through, or reflect off of, the half-silvered mirror in such a manner as to merge into a single beam that strikes the target screen.

§ Lf: A portion of the photons returning from the fixed mirror will pass through the half-silvered mirror and go toward the screen.

§ Lm: A portion of the photons returning from the movable mirror will pass the half-silvered mirror and go toward the screen.

o This presumption of the increased distance traveled through the ether was rationalized by the fact that the beam had to travel between the half-silvered mirror and the reflecting mirror in a path that caused it to add an additional increment of distance.  

o The above Figure: MMX Rest vs. Moving Frame; illustrates how this additional increment of distance is added.  

o Elaborating: The beam traveling parallel to the ether will also be traveling between the half-silvered mirror and the reflecting mirror, just as the beam traveling perpendicular to the ether flow.  And, while traveling parallel to the flow of ether, it will have to travel farther when going against the flow than with the flow, because the screen will have retreated from the half-silvered mirror during its time of transit.  But, on the return trip, the distance will be shortened, because the screen will be advancing toward the photon beam throughout its time of transit.

o Thus, we have an expectation that the experiment would show a change in fringe patterns due to the fact that the proportion of distance traveled by the two legs (perpendicular vs. parallel) has changed.  

§ Restated: the initial setup contained a ratio of perpendicular to parallel in leg 1 likewise a ratio of perpendicular to parallel in leg 2.  

§ When the table was rotated, the ratio of perpendicular to parallel in both legs was changed.  

§ Because of the changed ratios, the distances traveled by the light in leg 1 and leg 2 were both changed.

§ The result of distances changing is that the phase of the beams from leg1 and leg 2 change in relationship to each other at the point where they arrive at the target screen.

§ The expected fringe shift in the interference pattern at the screen was 3%, but no change in fringe was seen, which precipitated the conclusion that there was no ether.

o This led Einstein to make his famous statement about the speed of light, which has been totally taken out of context and misunderstood

§ The speed of light is isotropic in every direction.  

o This statement has been interpreted commonly meaning that the speed of light is constant.  

§ But, such a concept is obviously incorrect since light passing through water travels at 70% of the speed of light in a vacuum.

o The result of Einstein’s theory explaining so many relativistic phenomena gave it the aura of truth.  And as a result, research and thought was truncated in the direction of pursuing an ether theory which could encompass both relativistic phenomena and the absolute frame that the ether theory implied.

o The experiment created a pathway for light to travel where light would necessarily travel a longer distance in a leg going perpendicular to the ether flow.  The rotation of the test bed from 0° to 90° insures that both legs are subject to the maximum variation in perpendicular to parallel ratio,  This will maximize the experimentally observed phase shift that should occur due to the hypothesized increased time for the light beam to transit the cross ether flow.

o Perpendicular configuration: The two planes can fly wingtip to wingtip through the air.  Pilot 1 can shine a pulse of light to mirror on Plane 2.  The pulse will come back and he will see the pulse he fired.

§ In this case the pulse of light travels the distance d1 through the air due to the distance between planes.  

§ But, since the two planes were moving through the air/ether, the light pulse had to travel the additional distance x=vt.  

§ One would think that the light would take longer to travel 2Ö(d2+(vt/2)2) than to travel 2d.  But, the MMX experiment indicates that there is actually no added time involved in making that trip.

o Parallel configuration: The two planes fly nose to tail through the air.  Pilot 1 shines a pulse of light off of a mirror on Plane 2.  The pulse will come back and Pilot 1 will see the pulse he fired.

§ In this case, light simply travels out to Plane 2, and it takes the light a tiny fraction of a second longer than it would take if Plane 1 and Plane 2 were stationary.  This increase in time results because Plane 2 is receding.  The extra distance traveled by the photon on leg 1 (outgoing) is d + vt1.

§ On the way back, (on the return trip from the target/mirror plane), the light pulse travels a reduced increment of distance.  This reduction in leg 2 exactly equals the increased distance the light traveled on leg 1.

o The difference in the distance traveled, and the expectation of taking longer to travel because of the difference in distance traveled has a logic which must be countered.  We would naturally expect that the light pulse traveling wing to wing would take longer to complete its transit than the light traveling nose to tail.  But, they do not as proven by the MMX.  Thus, the question remains, “Why?”

§ If light actually travels a longer distance through the ether, and it takes the same amount of time to transit a smaller distance as a larger distance, this implies that the perpendicular velocity to the photon is independent of the forward velocity of light.

o If a photon is generated by a mass in motion with respect to the stationary ether frame, the velocity of this mass automatically creates an electromagnetic field corresponding to that velocity.

o Thus, when an electron drops from a higher energy orbital to a lower energy orbital, and releases a photon in the process, that photon carries the additional component of energy associated with its absolute frame velocity.

§ The component of velocity parallel with the photon’s radial speed of light propagation will be interpreted as a higher energy photon when in the ether frame.

§ The tangential velocity carried by the photon corresponds to the velocity of the emitting mass.  

o In summary: a photon can have two components of velocity, independent of each other.  The kinetic energy of the mass in the radial direction of the photon will simply add to the frequency/energy of the photon.  The tangential velocity of the mass will be likewise conveyed to the photon, and carried independent of the radial velocity, but nevertheless change the locus of its progress due to the velocity addition of these two vectors.  And note, the addition of these two vectors, being greater than the speed of light in the environment does not violate the law that light travels only at the speed of light.  The principle of orthogonal vectors insures that these two quantities are isolated from each other.

§ The implications of this theorem explain many relativistic phenomena.  

§ For example: a mass and photon traveling at a constant velocity in relationship with each other will have the relative velocity between each other which will remain the same regardless of the frame in which they are examined.

§ Likewise, a mass and photon both have an absolute velocity with respect to the Matrix.  The speed of light of the photon is always the speed of light with respect to the absolute frame.  And, a mass will likewise have an absolute velocity.  But, that absolute velocity will never be evidenced because particles and particles, and particles and light, always respond to each other in terms of their relative velocity.  Thus, the world appears without foundational absolutes because of the invisible, subtracted out, effect of the absolute frame.

o This is not an absolute blue or red shift, nor does it reflect the absolute velocity of the photon in any way, it merely reflects the fact that the velocity of the frame of reference affects the amount of energy that will be transferred by the photon when it is absorbed by a target mass.

o Evidence of the absolute frame of reference can be measured empirically by traveling in near speed of light craft, and taking careful measurements at various points in the trip.