﻿ Electromagnetic Concepts

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Thomas Lee Abshier, ND

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Electromagnetic Concepts

By: Thomas Lee Abshier, ND

The photon is an EM wave in a small packet pointed in a single direction.  It has a longitudinal extent of one wavelength, and a wavefront diameter of one wavelength.  The actual E Field and B field amplitude along axis, radius, and è around the axis is mathematically complex, but concrete, and will be left to others to describe.

But, the big picture is that traveling EM waves generated by processes such as photons decaying in their orbitals are configured as sinusoidally varying E & B fields.   The E field and B field are in phase at each segment along the photon.  This means that the electric field amplitude and magnetic field amplitude maintain the same ratio at each segment along its entire wavelength in the direction of travel from time of generation to the time of interaction with an absorptive or refractive medium.

The change of E field creates the B field, and the change of B field creates the E field.  In effect there is a conservation of energy that is taking place at each segment. The E field can project itself only so far due to the change of B field, and vice versa.

The two of Maxwell’s equations that are relevant to the transmission of an EM wave are:

Curl B = mJ + me∂E/∂t

Curl E = - ∂B/∂t

The curl is a mathematical operator that detects the presence of some type of rotation in the variables of the equation.  In effect, the change of E & B field over time is equivalent to the change in the direction of the E & B field as it moves forward in space.

The relevant consideration to our examination of how the universe was constructed is the question as to what the underlying particles are doing to experience the present E&B field, and create the E&B fields at the next moment.

The photonic EM wave propagates through space at the speed of light.   The speed of light is embedded in the electromagnetic equations in the product of me.  And while the speed of light is not stated explicitly, in the equation, the effect of the me product is to regulate the rate of advancement of the EM wave through space.

If the photon is traveling in the z direction, and the E field is varying in the x direction, and the B field is varying in the y direction.  The E and B field are advancing and changing, and the rate of change is related to the rate of advancement.

The movement of a charge up and down on the x axis, driven by sinusoidal voltage, causes a corresponding B field due to the change in the local E field.  This changing E and B field then propagates in a cylindrical fashion away from the dipole antenna generating this cylindrical EM wave.

The question concerning us in the TOA is how the Matrix and DP Se interact to create the B field and E field in the next segment of space at the next moment.  Again, the radio wave, E field and B field radiating out cylindrically from the antenna, was generated by the source (current driven by a sinusoidal E field).  Thus, space (the Matrix and DP Sea) was creating the E field in one increment of space, and projecting it to the next increment at the next moment.

The m and e of space are the proportionality factors which govern how far the Matrix will allow the B field and E field propagate from its present position.  We are giving “personality, intelligence, rule following, and judgment” characteristics to the Matrix.  Thus, our question is to ask “upon what criteria does the Matrix make its judgment, and what method does it utilize to execute that judgment” as to how far the E and B field should advance each moment.

One argument is based on a quantum energy and conservation of energy criteria.  If we are to suppose that the amount of energy associated with each moment’s propagation of the E and B field is quantized, then that quantum of energy could spread out over more space, or be confined into a smaller space depending on the energy density that can be imposed on each increment of space.

The more polarized is a space, the less volume it takes to fully capture and carry the energy of that increment of energy carried by that segment of the EM wave.  This differential of polarizability is important because it determines the forward movement of that segment of energy composing the EM wave.

The DP Sea responds to an electric field by separating Negative DPs and Positive DPs.  (Note: the effective movement of charge through space corresponds to the Displacement Current D = E/e, a physical parameter which is relevant in the consideration of current flow in the space between two capacitor plates.)

Likewise, the Dipole Sea responds to a magnetic field by aligning the magnetic poles of the Negative DPs and Positive DPs in that space.  The amount of magnetic polarization is related to the m of the space.

The Matrix obeys as its primary mandate, the conservation of energy.  The energy of an EM wave that was present in a space the moment before, moves to a new space the next moment because of the mutually forward propagating relationship between the rate of change of E and B with space and time.

The Matrix projects forward the electric field energy and magnetic field energy in each segment each moment.  The high capacitance of a space (high e) creates an opposite and equal back charge of energy in a short space.  Likewise, a high inductance of space (high m) creates an opposite and equal magnetic field in a short space (compared to a vacuum).

The result of an EM wave traveling through a high m and e space is that the speed of transit will be lower than its speed through a vacuum.

Thus, the Dipole Sea amount of response of charge separation and pole alignment to the magnetic and electrical field strength projected forward upon it by the Matrix determines the speed of light in a substance.

The question is then, what factors determine the capacitance/m and inductance/m of space?  If we note that in electrical circuits, that highly polar substances have the greatest capacitance, e.g. electrolytic capacitors, vs. glass or mica, then we have a model for a high dielectric substance.  In the case of an E field applied across an electrolytic capacitor, we note that the polarizablity of the electrolytic, creates a high E field in a thin space.

The unit of capacitance is the farad, which has units of coulombs/volt.  The unit of e is farads/m, which qualitatively refers to the capacitance per distance of space.  We note from the equation c= 1/Öme ***that the greater the capacitance/meter the slower the speed of light through the medium.

The question is why a higher the capacitance of space slows the speed of light?  This confronts the mechanism by which light is transported.  If light is transported in moment-sized packets, and the amount of energy that is transported in each packet can be polarized in a short space, then the speed of light in that space would be very slow.  Likewise, if the polarizability of a volume of space was very low, (with a very small capacitance/m, and therefore low e), then the amount of space required to hold this increment of energy was much larger, resulting in a faster speed of light.

This implies that space, in its more random DP orientation (magnetically and electrically), is more stiff, more resistant to storing energy in its highly random state, than in its more polarized state.   This makes sense since in the at-rest DP Sea, the organization is such that every motion, electrically and magnetically is resisted in every direction.  The Negative DP-positrons are attracted and repulsed at exactly the same speed.

The higher m and e of space occurs around mass traveling at relativistic speeds, and in space containing atoms which are both transparent, and   ***

We hypothesize that more highly polarized space has a higher capacitance in farad/m, thus a higher e, and slower speed of light.  Thus, a more highly polarized space has the capability of storing more coulombs/volt.

****And, the rate of field advancement is dependent upon the rate at which the Dipole Sea processes its transformation.  An inherent number of Grid Points at each Moment is transited.  This field position advancement is the maximum distance a field could advance per moment.

But, the actual speed at which light transits through space is modified by an interplay between the Matrix and Dipole Sea.  The inherent light speed of the Matrix probes the Dipole Sea a maximum distance each moment, but withdraws its projection to the smaller advancement of a field that is dependent upon the inductive and capacitive processing of the field.  This interplay of “fixed velocity” with “inductive and capacitive time delay” determines the actual field transmission rate.

If the Matrix projects out the field a constant maximum distance at each Moment, then the Dipole Sea will be under the influence of a new electric and magnetic field each moment.  We know from Maxwell’s equations that the two fields are inseparable in terms of one creating the other.  ***Examining the particular experimental setup will give evidence as to the nature of the originating field.  For instance, in a motor, the electric field changes first, and then the magnetic field follows.  In a generator, the magnet moves and the Electric field follows.  In an antenna, the current flows, and the magnetic field follows.  In the photon, the charge moves, and the magnetic field follows.

The magnetic and electric fields are 90° out of phase, with the electric field leading the magnetic field.  For example, in a sine wave such as a photon: the electric field is at a maximum (and falling) when the magnetic field is zero (and rising).  The bottom line is that once a current (moving charge) has passed through a space, a magnetic field will follow in its place.

The interplay between these two fields takes time, and the delay between the creation of the electric field and the magnetic field (or the magnetic field and then the electric field) is an inherent property of the Dipole Sea.  The Dipole Sea has an inductive property (storage of magnetic energy – due to current flow), and capacitive property (storage of electric energy – due to charge separation).

Before the electric field energy moves on to the next point, the Dipole Sea will naturally convert the electric field energy at that point into magnetic field energy.  (If the leading field was magnetic, then it will be converted into an electric field.)  The medium (DP Sea & Matrix) thus takes time to pass the energy between the electrical and magnetic fields.

The time delay between conversion produces the delay in transit.  In effect, the wave will not pass fully until the electric field is converted into a magnetic field, and the electric field will not be regenerated until the magnetic field has decayed.

Thus, the delay between the arrival of the electrical field, and the generation of the magnetic field is reflective of the actual rate of transmission of the EM wave and the speed of light seen in the macro-world of experimental observation and phenomena.

The Dipole Sea and Matrix as Interdependent Carriers of Light/Fields: To determine how a field is conducted at the speed of light, we must understand the roles of the Dipole Sea and the Matrix in that conduction.

The life story of a wave generated by an E field begins with the acceleration of a charge.  The moving charged particle (DP or mass) generates a magnetic field in response to the movement, but the formation of the B field is delayed by the connection between the capacitive and inductive compartments of space.

The field radiates spherically from its point of origin and advances out at the local speed of light at every moment.  This constant emission of field is the baseline state of every particle.  When a particle moves, it generates a disturbance in that constant field, a signal which we can eventually detect at any remote distance.  The movement causes a change in the E field (i.e. a dE/dt) to be sent out over the entire 360° sphere of its ongoing radiation.

When this dE/dt field disturbance is detected by the Matrix particles along the path of propagation, the Matrix particles generate a B field in response to the changing E field (dE/dt).  The generated B field will have a particular magnitude depending upon the magnitude of the change in E field, and have a particular direction depending on the vector of the incoming E field.  In general, the Matrix will generate a B field whose magnitude lags the E field magnitude by 90° because of its first derivative relationship between the dE/dt and the generated B field.  This is why a sine wave change of the E field will produce a cosine wave of B field in relationship to the E field magnitude.

The E field disturbance caused by the charge movement is conducted by a coordinated interplay between the Matrix and Dipole Particles.  The velocity of information conduction depends upon the effective rate of the electrical and magnetic movement of the DPs in response to the incoming signal, a velocity which reflects the ì and å of that space.

On the other hand, the Matrix conducts the signal forward one increment at the speed of light in vacuum at every moment regardless of the ì and å of the space.  This increment corresponds to an absolute number of Grid Points per Moment.

The DPs then respond to: 1) the E & B field generated by the charged particles; (these fields were passed forward by the Grid Points from the point of origin), 2) the field generated by the Matrix due to the changing E and B fields passing through.

Again, our goal is to understand the mechanism that generates the speed of light.  And given our hypothetical understructure of space, “How do the Matrix and DP Sea interact to produce the movement of field from one position to the next?”

The fact that the fundamental parameters that characterize the electrical and magnetic field conducting properties of space (ì and å) are in units of Henrys/m and Farads/m, this implies that space behaves with an inductance and capacitance-like nature in regulating the movement of the DPs in relationship to the Matrix.

The concept of inductance and capacitance distributed through space is not a familiar concept to the typical engineer working with discreet circuit components.  Rather, the physicist or engineer studying EM propagation through various materials would find this concept useful.  This effect is seen strongly when studying how the inductor-like space and capacitor-like space interact with each other to produce a signal propagating through space at a characteristic velocity for each material.

The Dipole Sea and Matrix interact to process the passage of the field.  The rate of passage is governed by the inductive and capacitive nature of the space.  The Matrix advances the field into an increment of space, which the DPs respond to by electrically separating and magnetically aligning according to the force of the fields superimposed upon the space.  The inductive and capacitive nature of space clearly reflects the velocity of light as seen in the equation: c=1/√ìå.***

The most obvious interpretation of this equation is that space in some way actually computes the speed of light based on some digital or analogue computing process using the ì and å of space to regulate the passage of all fields through space.  But more likely, the DPs respond to the fields according to some inductance-like phenomenon and capacitance-like phenomenon to relay fields through space.

Each medium has a different ì and å, which ultimately regulates the number of points transited per moment.  A medium such as glass has a speed of light only 75% of the speed in vacuum, reflecting the fact that the ì and å of that space inside the glass is higher than the inductance and capacitance in a vacuum, causing the speed of light to drop according to the inverse relationship between local light-speed and the local ì and å as per the equation: c=1/√ìå. ***

One piece of experimental data to consider in the analysis of the ì and å is the 1959 Aharonov-Bohm experiment, which introduces the possibility that the speed of light can be affected in a space where fields have superimposed to cancel.  This may mean that the ì and å of that space has been affected even though there is no net polarization of that space due to the superimposition of an electrical or magnetic field on that space.

The Aharonov-Bohm experiment was constructed as follows: 1) an electron beam was directed through a dual slit to create an interference pattern on a screen behind the dual slit.  2) A solenoid (which is coil of wire with zero field outside the coil) was placed between the two slits.  When the solenoid was turned on, the interference pattern changed.

This result may be an artifact of the experiment, reflecting a non-ideal solenoid which still had a residual field that was able to bend the electron beams.  Or, it could mean that the cancelled-out field still had an effect on the space by altering the ì and å of the space.  Or, it could mean that the electrons had a larger volume of action/interaction than simply the open slit spaces through which they could travel.

The “larger volume of interaction” explanation is the most likely.  Another experiment sheds light on what may be going on with regard to how the electron interacts with the interference media.  The “single electron self-interference” experiment has given strong evidence to the hypothesis of the electron having a wave-like structure.  In this experiment, a single electron was projected at a time was projected toward a dual slit.  Over time the same interference pattern was formed on the target screen as was formed when multiple electrons were simultaneously projected toward both slits.  The fact that a particle created an interference pattern in these two experiments implies that the electron has a wave-like structure.

Thus, if the electron is constructed as hypothesized above, with a central electron DP, a positron DP cloud layer, and an outer electron DP cloud layer, then we can see how this extended particle could travel at a slower speed through the denser barrier material between the slits.  The portion of the wave traveling through the inter-slit barrier material would participate in the wave interference.  Thus, when the solenoid was turned on, the barrier material ì and å would be effectively changed because of the introduction of the change in the ì and å due to the introduction of the magnetic field in the center of the solenoid coil.

Thus, the hypothesis is that the net magnetic or electric field present in the space governs the magnetic permeability or electrical permittivity of the space.  And, these in turn govern the speed of light and how it propagates through space.

We now examine how sound conducts through a medium, and how the properties of the medium determine the speed of sound through that medium.  We do this to give us a model upon which could give us insight into the method by which light is propagated through the electrically conducting ì and å space.

We shall analyze how the speed of speed of light may be propagated by comparing 1) the equation governing the velocity of the speed of sound with relation to its conducting medium, with 2) the equation relating the speed of light to its conducting medium.

v = √ B/ñ***  (Speed of sound related to its conducting medium) c= 1/√ìå  (Speed of light, related to its conducting medium)

We shall make the hypothesis that the capacitive property of the Dipole Sea serves a function analogous to the elasticity of the particles in the mechanical system.

Regarding the mechanical Bulk Modulus of a compressible substance, this parameter refers to the amount a bulk mass compresses in response to pressure.  Analyzing the dynamic of determining the bulk modulus: Pressure is force/area, and the change in volume is Area x distance.  Thus, force applied to an area causes a displacement ∆x.  Force x distance = Work.  Work means that energy has been transferred from one state to another (e.g. kinetic energy into heat, or vibration, or velocity of a second mass, a mass or charge placed in a position of a high potential energy against the force of a field e.g. gravity/E/B fields).  In other words, the kinetic energy of an incoming mass contacts a compressible substance, and that kinetic energy is transferred to the mass during the impulse of the collision.  The atoms in the impacted mass displace against the incoming force of the impact.  It is this energy of motion and compression of mass against the fields in the mass which is the substance of “sound”.

The å of the electrically conductive medium exhibits an electrical-charge-elasticity type of character, in that the DPs separate when under the influence of an E field.  Thus, the å could be a relevant and analogous property to the sound-conducting compressibility of matter.  Matter provides a springy reaction to the pressure applied to it because of the repulsion of the electron clouds surrounding atoms, and is restrained in its response to that repulsive force by the mass of the atoms that must be accelerated before it can transmit the energy of that stored field energy of repulsion to the next atom.  Thus, the mass of the atoms and the compressibility of the substance play against each other as force and resistance to create an inherent bulk velocity at which energy is transmitted through a medium.

Before proceeding, let us examine more deeply how the compressibility of a substance in the face of a pressure applied to a bulk substance interacts with the density of a substance to conduct energy as sound.  A sound wave is the transmission of an initial compression of a substance, which then perpetuates through that compressible substance.  In effect, the energy of compression was transferred from the impacting mass to the impacted mass.  But, rather than the energy being transferred as translation of the bulk mass, the energy was absorbed and carried as a compression wave that transmits between atoms in the bulk mass at a particular rate.  Thus, the length of time it takes for the compressed mass to transfer its energy to each succeeding region of atoms determines the velocity of sound.

The transfer of energy requires the acceleration of succeeding atoms, which have force applied upon them by the previous layer of atoms.  The density of the material provides an inhibition to the transmission of energy from one atom to the next because the atoms have mass, which must be accelerated by the incoming force.  That acceleration will be larger or smaller depending on the mass of the atom.  The equation governing acceleration of a mass is F = ma.  This relationship means that with a constant force being applied, the acceleration will be less for a greater mass.  But, the substance composed of a particular mass has a characteristic velocity independent of the force applied.  In other words, a small force applied to the mass will be transmitted at the same rate as a large force.  The reason for this is that in the derivation of the equation for the velocity of sound, v = √B/ñ,*** we see that the force applied produces only an initial compression, imparting an impulse of energy to the substance of a greater or lesser magnitude.  If a large impulse is applied, then a loud sound will be perceived as transmitting through the medium (compared to a smaller impulse of energy applied).  Thus, once the initial impulse is generated, the internal energy storage and transmission characteristics of the substance will take that original force/acceleration and propagate it through the material at its innate speed as given by the velocity of sound equation.

Thus, there are two parts to the transmission of sound, 1) the Potential energy storage portion where atoms are compressed and energy is stored as masses being repelled by electrical fields.  2) Masses holding energy as kinetic energy, i.e. mass in motion.  Thus there is a tradeoff between the Potential Energy/Compression Phase and the Kinetic Energy/Inertia Phase.

Thus, for energy to transit between these two phases, the mass of the substance must accelerate and overcome its inertial resistance to acceleration.  Thus, the force of the repulsion of the electron shells will overcome the resistance of inertia provided by the mass of the atoms, and they will therefore acquire a velocity.

Thus, in our speed of sound equation, we see that we have a density term.  We have therefore included a consideration of the mass of the substance in our velocity equation.

Because a higher mass requires greater force to overcome its inertia, the higher the density of the material, the lower will be the velocity of conduction of sound through that material.

Thus, in the velocity equation are included the parameters which consider the force, and mass of the substance.  By derivation, and by empirical measurement, the velocity of sound through a substance agree.  The bottom line, a force, regardless of its intensity, applied to a medium of a particular characteristic, will propagate an impulse of energy through a medium with a characteristic force.

We have spent considerable time and energy examining this analogy, because we wish to come to a certain belief that space, in its conduction of EM waves through the DP Sea, have a relevant corrolary.  In other words, light is conducted by an actual medium, even though the Michelson Morely experiment was unable to detect the existence of the ether.

Thus, we must create a rational bridge between these two worlds, and show that in fact the DP Sea medium is in fact capable of conducting light in a matter similar to sound, and also in a matter which escapes detection by an experiment such as the MMX.

In the neutral DP Sea, the average distance between the DP charges of opposite polarity are in a particular position.  This measure of “average position” is the number of Grid Points between each DP.

When a net E field is superimposed upon that previously neutral DP Sea, the force of that E field causes the movement of the DPs.  The separation of the fields that occurs is sufficiently strong to cause the change in the speed of light if the space is sufficiently polarized.

Note: When a mass with a net charge is present in a space, the DPs are farther apart as a result of the presence of the field created by that charge.  This means that a field applied to a previously tensioned space would cause more expansion of the DPs than undisturbed space.  This is because the DPs of opposite polarity will be closer together, and apply more force on each other when in the neutral state.  Thus, the capacitive (bulk modulus) property of space, corresponds to the fact that more force is required to produce a separation when the DPs are close together and undisturbed, than when the DPs are on average more distant.

Note: We shall hypothesize that the Modulus of Elasticity of capacitive space is the inverse of the Mechanical Modulus of Elasticity (Young’s Modulus) such as is used to calculate the speed of sound through a medium.  Solids, liquids, and gasses compress together due to the forces acting on it that cause sound conduction.  Inversely, the particles composing capacitive space expand (in their separation) with increasing E field force.  And, as a result, the Modulus of Elasticity for the capacitive nature of space is the inverse of the modulus of elasticity of a sound-conducting medium.

The analogous equivalent between the speed of sound through a medium, and the speed of light through space is as follows:

v = √B/ñ = ***

B=  Bulk Modulus = Elastic Property

ñ = Inertial property

c = 1/√ìå ***

å = Elastic Property = (1/capacitive property of space)

ì = Inertial Property = Inductive property of space

In circuit theory, the element analogous to the mass is the inductor characterized by

In an analog
equivalent circuit, a mass can be represented using an inductor with value

ref: http://ccrma.stanford.edu/~jos/pasp/Ideal_Mass.html

Thus, the inductive property of space can be taken as being analogous to space acting in an inertia-like manner as it participates in the conduction of light.  Inductors produce a reactive magnetic field which creates a force on the moving charged particles, which are current.  This reactive magnetic field produces an E field force which opposes the change in position of the charges, hence opposes motion.  Thus, the inertial similarity, the analogy to the inertial properties of mass, which cause mass to continue in the same direction, at the same velocity, unless force is applied against it; and when force is applied to change direction, the mass resists that change and exhausts its inertia in the effort to maintain that momentum.

This analysis is relevant to our analysis of the underlying nature of space because the mechanical analogue gives us an example of the types of underlying processes that may be occurring in the light-conducting/field-conducting medium of space.  Ultimately we desire to understand in intimate detail the processes which conduct light, since these processes regulate all phenomena in the physical-field world.

Thus, having established to a reasonable degree of certainty that the inductive and capacitive nature of space interplay to create the net effect of a characteristic velocity through the space, we then ask how the DPs interrelate on a sequential-causal process to pass a field from one DP to the next.

In the above introductory comments we have hypothesized the existence of two types of conscious particles, 1) the Dipole Particles, which are moveable and form the substance of what we see in the material world, and 2) the Matrix particles, which are immovable, and serve as place holders from which arises the fundamental property of space: distance.

The Matrix particles additionally serve to observe the passing fields and compute the differential changes in the field strength associated with the motion of each DP.  This function of computing differentials of field strength produces the effect seen in Maxwell’s equations, where changes in E field per time produce a B field, and changes in B field per time produce an E field.

The Dipole Sea and the Matrix particles produce by their interaction the transmission of a field which propagates through space at the speed of light.  The DP Sea and the Matrix both communicate by conscious processing of signals in order to determine how to respond.  In the case of the DP Sea, the particles receive signals and respond by moving an appropriate distance.  In the case of the Matrix, the Matrix particles receive signals from other Grid Points, and from the Dipole Sea.

Clearly, if space conducted particles on a simple command system, then there would be no possibility of a particle ever traveling faster than the local speed of light, even for a moment.  In other words, if particles transited through space at a rate that was computed and mandated to always obey the c = 1/√ìå relationship, then a particle could not transit through space faster than that allowed by the local speed of light.

But, there is a clear experimental exception to this rule.  The blue light in a nuclear reactor, Cherenkov radiation, is produced by a particle of mass traveling at a rate which is greater than the local speed of light.  A high energy particle is generated by fission of an atom, and that particle enters the water of the reactor vessel at a speed greater than c= 1/√ìå for the water media.  In other words, the inductive and capacitive nature of water does not allow light to travel at a speed greater than this particular value of “c”, but clearly a particle was transiting the space at a speed greater than this speed limit.

To understand how this phenomenon could possibly be mediated, we note that blue to UV photons are radiated away from the path of the “faster than light” Cherenkov particle in a matter reminiscent to a supersonic shock wave.  The particle is carrying momentum from the energy lost in an atomic fission, and that energy must be conserved at every moment.  Clearly the medium cannot support the field energy associated with the Cherenkov particle because the field cannot travel as fast as the particle.

Thus, there is a portion of the field energy produced by the momentum of the particle which radiates too far outside of the space around the Cherenkov particle to be able to maintain its association with the particle.  In other words, momentum/inertia/kinetic energy is carried by an Inductive and Capacitive polarization of the Dipole Sea.  This polarization of the Sea conducts itself at the speed of light, and in a less than speed of light particle, the energy applied to the DP Sea by the particle is returned to the particle as it passes through that space.  But, a particle traveling faster than the speed of light in a medium cannot return all the energy deposited in the medium back to the particle, because there is insufficient time to complete that reciprocal transaction.

Thus, the Cherenkov particle travels into the media, traveling at a rate too fast for the medium to absorb and return all the energy it would only temporarily store in that medium.  The result is that the energy that is not returned to the mass is radiated out into the space along the track of the Cherenkov particle.  When the particle loses enough energy so as to have a kinetic energy below the local speed of light, the radiation ceases. When traveling at a subliminal speed, the medium is capable of absorbing and returning the magnetic and capacitive energy associated with the momentum back to the particle.  At a subluminal speed, the particle maintains a constant velocity until more energy is applied to it, or energy is taken away from it by collision with a particle or by the absorption of energy from a wave field or photon packet.

Thus, I hypothesize that the DPs and Matrix particles communicate to collaborate so they can obey the laws of the local space at each moment.  In other words the DPs may project out a signal into the local space to probe the conditions of the space prior to actually transmitting the energetic message.

Clearly a group of DPs can transit a volume of space at a speed faster than the local speed of light.  And, since energy is lost each moment, the velocity of the Cherenkov particle is slowing each moment.  But, the question is, how does the velocity of the DP group, comprising the Cherenkov particle transit the space at the appropriate speed?

Using the concept of the “collaboration between DP Sea and Matrix Particles” we shall venture the hypothesis that the DPs and Matrix particles probe the local space before making an actual energetic information imprint on the world.  Thus, in the case of the Cherenkov particle, the DPs that are associated with the Cherenkov Particle will be transiting at a particular rate in one medium prior to entering the water medium.  Thus, the Cherenkov particle will have a certain amount of momentum, which must be conserved from one moment to the next.

Particle velocity (momentum) is merely a reflection of the amount of energy imprinted in the surrounding medium.  When the particle travels at faster than the speed of light, there is no time for the space ahead of the particle to be polarized by a dE/dt to produce a B field, so that the energy of the particle can be stored in the space surrounding the particle.  Thus, the momentum of the particle must be to a certain extent held in the volume of the particle itself.  Thus, a larger particle (neutron or alpha particle) will be able to hold onto its momentum longer than a smaller particle such as an electron.

Thus, the kinetic energy will be stored in the E fields inside the volume of the particles themselves while these particles are traveling at a speed faster than the local speed of light.  The energy that drives the particle at a speed faster than the speed of light is the force on the particle from inside the particle.

The question is then, how far does the force push something?  In what way does this force act?

Answer: the energy that is present at one moment is present at the next moment in one form or another.  The energy of the Cherenkov particle is transmitted at faster than the local speed of light for the space outside of the particle.  But, inside of its own particle volume, the speed of light in that space is even slower.  In other words there are two local regions where the speed of light is different, inside the particle volume, and outside the particle volume.

The question is then, how does the particle press into the new space at each moment?  The answer is that the force inside the particle is greater than the force resisting the movement of the particle at each moment.  The DP sea medium of the water has a particular force which it pushes against the Cherenkov particle as it advances, and the force internal to the Cherenkov particle moves it forward with a certain force.  Force integrated over time is momentum, thus, the total amount of force that the Cherenkov particle exerts against the Dipole Sea of the opposing water-media is going to be equal to its momentum.

But, while it is advancing each moment with the amount of momentum that it possesses at that moment, it is also passing by space which is being polarized outside of its volume.  And, the speed of the Cherenkov particle is sufficiently great so as to prevent the reabsorption of energy as it is released from inside of the particle itself.  When the internal momentum has all leaked out into the surrounding space, the speed should drop to subliminal and can maintain its momentum indefinitately at that speed as long as it does not transfer any momentum to anything else by collision or induction.

Thus in summary, the Cherenkov particle has a field associated with its velocity that is held inside its structure.  Normally that energy would be shared with the surrounding space, and then reabsorbed to maintain its inertial movement.  But, in the case of the excessively large velocity that energy that is given to and received back from the surrounding medium is lost to the medium and radiated away as the Cherenkov radiation.

Thus, we return to our discussion of how DPs and Matrix collaborate with each other to transmit the speed of light in a medium.  Every DP sends out a probe signal at every moment, but, that signal is not passed on until it has determined the amount of inductive and capacitive energy that will be stored by the movement of the DPs in the local space.

Thus, the DPs respond to the signals they experience from all the other DPs that surround them.  The DPs react to these signals by moving in response to them, and in turn sending out another signal after having processed this latest field-reception.

The signal would thus have an element of the vacuum-based, maximum possible speed associated with it, as well as manifesting the more moderated field transmission rate associated with the rate that the Dipole Particles actually moved in response to that field.  And, their velocity of movement would be moderated because they would be subject to the capacitive and inductive forces associated with the all the surrounding DPs.

Thus we see the analogy between the conduction of the speed of sound and the speed of light.  Both of them are conducted by a medium, but sound has only the thermal particulate speed driving its progress.  On the other hand, light has an absolute velocity above which particles and waves cannot pass, but that absolute velocity is modified by amount of polarization of the local DPs.  It is thus the capacitive and inductive state of the space that determines the rate at which the momentum of the particle of light transits a particular local space.

Thus, we see that a conservation of energy model may be the more basic foundation of the speed of light.  The vacuum speed of light is only one possible ì and å configuration of the DPs in a light conductive medium.

Thus, light, transiting through a heavily stressed space, such as through a transparent substance, will be slowed down according to the manner in which the inductive and capacitive space has been altered.  A single wave passing through a space may enter a refractive medium from a vacuum, and thus make its initial advance into that medium will require it to respond to the capacitive spread of the DPs in the medium associated with the stress of the local space.  A space filled with mass, such as glass, is unavoidably more stressed, and hence less elastic than vacuum.  Thus, it will taking more time to respond to the fact of the presence of the E field by moving closer or farther apart.

Likewise, the inductive nature of the medium will be altered, and the orientation of the DPs will be in a more ordered state than the randomness of the unstressed vacuum space.  Thus, the response will be slower because of all the competing forces.  Essentially this is a denser space which does not respond as quickly to newly imposed force fields.

The result is a probing of the space prior to imprint and information passage, and the speed of transit will be slower in a space filled with mass than a vacuum space.

The Grid Points act as a buffering or smoothing function; they likewise project out a field which influences the local DP Sea particles.  The Matrix field is produced by the differential, the rate of change of the E and B field.  The Matrix field arises from the data it receives from the DPs, which gives them the rate of change of the E & B fields, which add to the direct E & B forces acting between the DPs.

When the magnetic and electrical polarization is complete after each moment, the Matrix conducts that signal on to the next increment of space.  Thus, the speed of light is mediated by an ongoing conservation of the momentum for a volume of space that is transmitted to the next volume, from one moment to the next.