The Heavens Declare His Handiwork

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Dynamic Electric Fields
By Thomas Lee Abshier, ND
Last Edit, 3/6/2009


A moving negatively charged mass entering into an electrically and magnetically neutral volume of space will by the very fact of its movement in that space, cause positive DPs to move toward, and negative DPs to move away from, the locus/path of the negatively charged mass.  


A mass with negative charge (e.g. an electron) flowing through a volume of neutral space will attract positive DPs and repel negative DPs.  This separation of DP charges (positive inward and negative outward in the case of electrons moving through space) will produce a disturbance of the magnetic equilibrium in the volume surrounding the path of a moving charge.  But this effect is insufficient to account for the chiral (handed) phenomenon of magnetic polarization produced by current flow through a wire or around an electron beam.  


Magnetic Equilibrium:

Space is magnetically balanced and stable in its orientation when there is no rotation of magnetic poles, and no translation of DPs.  Magnetic equilibrium in a space means that no net magnetic forces are acting to produce a net torque on the magnetic poles, or translational force on the DPs.


Current flow through a space, which is the movement of charged particles, changes the electric forces in that space, causing the repulsion of like-charges and attraction of opposite charges.  The movement of charges naturally disturbs the complex balance of electric and magnetic forces, resulting in a state of dis-equilibrium of force, which necessarily produces movement.


Electromagnetic equilibrium includes: 1) magnetic equilibrium, 2) electrical equilibrium, 3) absence of torque, 4) motionless DPs, and 5) stable electrical and magnetic state.  In electromagnetic equilibrium, the space has no                                                                                                                 DP movement, no DP rotation, and no changing electrical or magnetic fields.


The magnetic-electric forces produce a complex interrelationship between charge movement, magnetic pole orientation and torque, electrical attraction/repulsion, and magnetic attraction/repulsion.   


The transformer, inductor, and electromagnet both give evidence to the phenomena of current producing a magnetic field.  Underlying this phenomena is the more fundamental proposition that a changing electric field produces a magnetic field.


Current produces a changing Electric field in the space surrounding each moving charge because each moving charge moves closer each moment to a given volume of space.  The incoming charges result in the repulsion of like-charged DPs and attraction of oppositely-charged DPs.  With the change in charge distribution of DPs, the magnetic equilibrium is disturbed, resulting in the appearance of net magnetic forces that cause the movement of DPs and rotation of magnetic poles.  But space is extremely rigid and reacts quickly to return to electro-magnetic equilibrium.  Thus, the DPs quickly resettle into a new magnetic pole orientation and electrical charge distribution.  The magnetic pole orientation will assume a random orientation, biased by the forces of an external fields that bias it toward alignment.  All DPs, seek to move toward the electro-magnetic ground state, which is force that effectively pushes DPs out of the order impressed upon them when in the presence of an external magnetic field.


Energetic Ground State:

When no external electric or magnetic fields pass through a volume of space, and it contains no mass it, that volume is in the energetic ground state.  Space cannot occupy a lower energy state than one which contains no DP organization.  But, such a state does not exist in the universe; mass and EM disturbances pass continuously through every volume of space.  Mass represents a type of DP organization, as do waves.  All DP organization corresponds to a storage of energy, the energy is merely recognized as different types depending on the particular type of organization.   The famous E=mc² equation gives a quantitative relationship between the amount of energy stored in mass.  And again, the energy of mass is simply one type of DP organization.  Field gradients (waves) correspond to locations of dense and rarified concentrations of DPs, electric charge, and magnetic pole orientation.   The Absolute energy of a volume corresponds to the concentration above or below the ground state distribution of DPs, electric charge, and magnetic poles in undisturbed space.  But, in normal physics we measure Relative energy, by defining a ground state, and then measuring the energy content and compared to it.


Equilibrium State:

Regardless of our awareness of, or ability to detect, the ground state, the DPs inherently move toward that state.  Obviously most reactions and interactions to not dissipate their stored energy all the way to the ground state.  This is because there are energetic barriers, or force walls, which each system has either internally or externally.   


The electric and magnetic forces exerted between DPs cause the DP organization to always moves toward electric and magnetic ground state.  One of the force barriers preventing space from relaxing into the ground state is the fact that an organizing energy was placed into the universe, possibly by the Big Bang.  This energy once introduced continually congeals, explodes, reflects, and absorbs in local volumes, and interacts with other local volumes to transform in its manifested nature.  


Thus, local volumes of space cannot maintain a ground state organization because of the continuous permeation of that space by mass and/or waves transiting that volume.  Any given volume in the universe will be under the influence of the organizing forces passing through it.  In the real universe it is impossible to totally isolate a volume from the effect of EM waves passing through it.  Nor is it possible for the mass in a space to be brought to motionlessness.  Thus, there is no true spatial or energetic equilibrium point, but there are bounds around a static point, an energetic band where we could reasonably define a state as being in an energetic equilibrium.  The oscillations due to temperature, residual kinetic energy of the bulk mass, and the wave field energy passing through a space can be considered the de facto equilibrium state of a space.  In an actual static equilibrium state there would be no movement of any sort, thermal, wave, or kinetic, but such a state is an ideal, and we shall simply refer to the realistic equilibrium state that is possible and ignore the small perturbations around the static state.  We shall use the concept of an equilibrium state to refer to field and mass gradients which have found a place of mutually opposed forces which have produced a static gradient of field and mass concentration in space and time.


The forces between electric charges and magnetic poles interact to push every space toward the Ground State.  Even though ground state cannot be reached, the electric and magnetic forces innately emitted by the DPs at every moment exert a force toward ground state as soon as each overriding external force passes.  Likewise, the entropic force, the randomizing forces of E fields and B fields, push against the organization of external forces, thus allowing only incomplete organizations of the space.  


Magnetic Equilibrium:

The space in magnetic equilibrium will have all DP magnetic poles oriented so as to produce a net zero magnetic torque on each of the individual DPs.  In general, a space in magnetic equilibrium will have an external magnetic field polarizing the space, and the entropic force of magnetic disorganization will limit its polarizing effect.  


A space in equilibrium neither generates nor transmits a time variant electromagnetic signal from that space.  


(Note: the exception to this rule would be the spontaneous decay of a complex particle such as a neutron.  Such examples are examined elsewhere.  This example is meant to illuminate the distinction of equilibrium states compared to dynamic states, rather than equilibrium vs. quantum decay and tunneling effects.)  


To produce movement from an equilibrium system without introducing a force to overcome the activation energy is the equivalent of creating energy from nothing, and such creative acts are reserved for miracles and the the force of motion generated by the original Creation.


Electron Current and Magnetic Curl:  

Space in equilibrium has an unchanging electric and magnetic field.  When an electron current moves through that space, it disturbs that equilibrium and creates a net magnetic field, but from the principles and rules established thus far about the behavior of DPs and space, we cannot predict the net magnetic polarity vector and magnitude knowing only the current polarity and intensity alone.  Developing a model for the generation of the magnetic field as an automatic consequence of previously established fundamental rules is the goal of the Theory, but in this case, the phenomena of intensity and direction of the magnetic field require the addition of a new rule of behavior the DPs must follow.  


Rule of Magnetic Curl:

An electron current moving through space creates a magnetic field whose N to S direction points in the direction of a left-handed curl.  


Definitions of Curl:

1. The left handed curl means that the thumb points in the direction of electron flow, and the fingers point in the direction of the curl of the magnetic field around the current flow.  

2.   The left handed curl denotes a magnetic field whose North Pole points in the direction of rotation that would produce the advance of a left-handed screw.  

3. A current of positive charge will produce a magnetic field curl that orients the North Poles of the DPs in the direction of the advance of a right handed screw.


Charge motion produces a magnetic effect with a right or left handed direction depending on charge polarity.   Thus, magnetic field has a chiral property.


Definition of chiral:

Chiral: refers to having the property of right- or left-handedness.  Chirality may have been originally used in a chemistry context, but the concept has since been extended to many fields.


The direction of the magnetic curl depends upon the charge polarity of the current flow.  This is a new effect, unpredictable from the operation of all previous rules governing DP behavior.  


This effect is not predicted or expected from the simple displacement of charges and disturbance of the magnetic equilibrium caused by the repulsion of negative DPs and attraction of positive DPs.  A momentary magnetic disequilibrium residue naturally remains after the delicate balance of the magnetic equilibrium is disturbed after charge motion.  But, it seems unlikely that space consistently and naturally forms an orientation of magnetic poles prior to charge movement that produces a charge-dependent right or left handed curl in response to the movement of positive or negative charges.


Thus, we shall postulate a new rule of DP behavior:  Moving DPs exert a chiral magnetic force upon other DPs, with a curl direction dependent upon the electrical polarity of the moving charge.  


The magnetic force generated is dependent upon the velocity and density of charge movement.


The force of magnetic polarization in response to charge movement:

The experimental evidence of moving charge producing a magnetic field forces us to hypothesize the existence of a command force that produces magnetic polarization in response to charge movement.  


The magnetic force is proportional to the rate of change of the electric field.  The rate of change of the E field is proportional to the absolute velocity of the DP perpendicular to the Speed of light Ray.   


When the current changes direction, it has a different absolute velocity when moving in the same local medium, but the same current should produce the same local effect regardless of the direction of motion of the current in space.  Thus, the absolute perpendicular velocity is not the only parameter upon which the magnetic force is computed.  


???***Information about the absolute perpendicular velocity vector and speed of light vector of a moving charge are carried by each FP emanating from the charges constituting that current.  The Moving DP Absolute Velocity Vectors (MDPAVV) are detected by each DP in the medium and produce a local magnetic effect on each DP in space.  The magnetic effect at each DP is computed by the differential in the absolute velocity of the target particle and the MDPAVV.  


A magnetic effect is produced by every DP moving in relationship to the Gridpoints, but a physically detectable, net magnetic effect is produced only when a net magnetic vector sum results at a DP.  The random motion of many DPs will generally cancel out any net effect from the movement of any one DP.  But, the coordinated movement of a charged particle of mass, or an electromagnetic wave, will produce a net magnetic field.  (And of course, the properly oriented and phased EM wave or current can cancel out the net effect of a charge or wave, but the point is that coordinated movement of large numbers of DPs (as is naturally occurs with any mass charge motion) produces a net magnetic effect.)  


The magnetic organization is carried by the Dipole Sea itself.  en the CAVV interacts with a magnetically susceptible mass.  The CAVV travel through space unaltered by the intervening medium, but the magnetic effect at each point will be altered by the addition or subtraction of magnetic fields produced by the effect of the CAVV on the target DPs.  


All DPs respond to magnetic force, and as a result, all mass, which is composed of DPs, also responds to magnetic force.  In a magnetically neutral mass, such as a helium atom, the mixture of DPs is sufficiently symmetrical to cancel out any net magnetic polarization, but that symmetry can be broken, and polarization induced by a sufficiently strong field, with the Helium at a low enough temperature.  


Iron, and other ferromagnetic elements, strongly respond to a net magnetic field because of having an uneven number of electrons in the orbit of each atom.  A permanent net magnetic effect results when those atoms stay in magnetic alignment after removing a strong external magnetic field.  An alloy containing iron and other atoms, changes the crystalline structure of iron, and produces magnetic domains less able to move when the external magnetic field is released.  Such alloys retain their magnetic polarization better than pure iron.


The Absolute velocity vector of from each DP, carried by the FPs, interacts with every DP in the space it passes, and creates a local magnetic force emanating from it based on the net magnetic vector sum from all the magnetic force vectors created by all the FPs passing through each DP.  A moving charge would thus be subject to the magnetic field produced by the DPs in a space.  This force would thus produce the magnetic attraction of parallel conductors carrying a current.  


But, the problem with this theory is the fact that the absolute velocity of a DP will vary depending upon its vector trajectory in a moving frame.  Example:  if a lab frame is moving north with respect to the absolute frame, and a charged mass within that frame is moving north in the absolute frame, there will be a reduced magnetic field produced  around a wire with the current flowing south.  


This objection is somewhat similar to the ether drift theory that Michelson and Morley were testing in their famous 1887 experiment to test the speed of light.  But, in the experiment just mentioned, if the magnetic field truly is computed in response to the absolute value of the velocity of the charge in space, then the magnitude of field in the opposite direction will be less.


Obviously, Einstein’s theory of the isotropic nature of space (having all physical phenomenon function the same regardless of the direction or location of an experiment) would be contradicted by this result.  But, the question is whether this asymmetry of effect is detectable, or undetectable as in the case of the Michelson Morley Experiment and their attempt to detect ether drift.


In the Theory of Absolutes, we have already noted that the direction of travel does make a difference in the underlying actual distance traveled in the absolute frame, depending on the direction in the laboratory frame.  But, that in the laboratory frame, this speed of light variation could not be detected because the experimental apparatus and experiment were both affected, producing no net effect.


The final question is, “what is the experimental evidence?”  Does the magnetic field around two wires, carrying current in opposite directions, produce a magnetic field of detectable difference at any spherical angle of orientation in the laboratory frame?  


In the theory as presented above, a charged mass will produce a different magnetic field in the space surrounding its velocity vector depending upon its direction of movement in the laboratory frame.  This would be true if the the laboratory frame had a non-zero velocity with respect to the absolute frame.


An alternate possibility is that the B field effect cancels out its the effects in the laboratory frame due to instrumentation and experimental factors.  This line of theoretical reasoning assumes an underlying absolute frame, and that all particulate and wave motion is calculated in reference to this absolute frame.  But, experiment has been unable to detect any effect that gives unequivocal evidence to the existence of an absolute frame, and Einstein’s theory of special relativity opposes the concept of an absolute frame.  Thus, the majority of scientific thought has agreed to modeling the physical universe as one where local relativity is the only frame that exists.  ***  


ey are compared to the absolute velocity of each DP in the medium.  The magnetic effect produced at each point in space results from the target DP computing a differential of velocity between the target medium (e.g. A magnetic domain) and the velocity of the source (the moving charge – current).  The magnetic effect is thus dependent upon the relative motion of a charge in relationship to mass and upon the absolute velocity of both moving charge and mass.  


The magnetic force vector produced by the moving  is perpendicular to the plane produced by the Speed of Light Ray and the vector component of the Absolute velocity of the DP perpendicular to the speed of light Ray.


The CAVV interacts at the DP by computing the differential in the vector of the CAVV compared to the absolute velocity vector of the target mass.  The target mass has a net magnetic polar orientation, and the CAVV will produce a magnetic field that will act upon that velocity.


The relationship between Electric and Magnetic Fields:

Maxwell’s equations declare the reciprocal relationship between the effect of changing magnetic fields, and changing electric fields.  But, moving charges and rotating magnetic poles are the only actual physical entities that initiates changing electric and magnetic fields.  


When a charge moves, it automatically changes the electric field, and by rule, the changing electric field automatically produces a magnetic field.  The velocity of the charge in relationship to the speed of light ray is what creates the data upon which the E and B field are computed.


Likewise, when a magnetic pole rotates, it changes the magnetic field, and the reciprocal relationship between the magnetic and electric field produces an E field in response to the changing B field.  The rate of change of the B field, the dB/dt, is carried by the FP as 1)  the magnetic pole orientation of the DP, and 2) the angle of the B field force acting upon it.  Thus, the rate of change of the B field is carried by an easily quantified parameter that can be used by each DP the FP intersects, and in turn can compute both direction and intensity of the E field that acts upon the DP so intersected.


Viewed in one dimension:

There is a proportionality between the changing E fields and the formation of a B field:

B = dE/dt   

Likewise there is a proportional relationship between a changing B field and the formation of an E field:

E = -dB/dt


This couplet of equations refers to fields, but underlying the change of fields is the physical movement of electrical charge and the rotation of magnetic pole orientation.


Magnetic pole orientation and charge movement are dynamically interrelated:

 In particular, the magnitude of the magnetic field produced by the movement of charge is related to the rate the charge moves.  

Likewise, the magnitude of the electric field produced is related to the rate of change of magnetic field.  

Thus, the rate of change of charge position and the rate of change of magnetic pole orientation are the underlying factors that produces the reciprocal effect on electric charge separation and magnetic pole orientation.  


Again, the moving negative charge (electron or negative DP) produces a left handed curl of magnetic force around its vector of travel.  This magnetic field curl is produced by every moving charge, and is produced by a force that aligns the DP magnetic poles surrounding a conductor to align in the direction of the magnetic curl.  The magnetic curl is in a direction dependent upon the polarity of the moving charge.  Therefore it is hypothesized that the direction of orientation of the magnetic curl is produced in response to the electric message carried by the Force Particles.  When the Absolute velocity of the charge increases, the force of magnetic curl increases.  When the rapid change in magnetic curl, it creates a greater E field, which causes a wider separation of opposite charges in the volume affected by the B field.


The question is thus, “How does the Dipole Sea (and underlying DPs) produce the above reciprocal magnetic and electric effects?”   


To answer this question we must understand the physical nature underlying fields in general.  Next, we must understand the physical nature underlying electric fields, changing electric fields, magnetic fields, and changing magnetic fields.  Then, we must deduce the rule used by nature to implement the reciprocal effects of changing electrical and magnetic fields.


Fields:

Electrical and magnetic fields are the 3 dimensional, time variant distributions of electric and magnetic force.  An electromagnetic field is described by the spatial each Moment, the unit volume associated with each DP, has its own net electric and magnetic force vector produced by the summation of the force vectors delivered by the Force Particles that pass through that unit volume.  The Force Particles carry information about the electrical polarity and magnetic vector of the source.  They also carry information about 1) the speed of light direction of the FP at the source, and 2) the absolute velocity of the source.  The DPs in each unit volume respond to: 1) the summation of force vector messages delivered by the Force Particles, and 2) the rate of change of the electric field, and rate of change of the magnetic field in that volume at that Moment.  


Field Change at any given position in space:

If a DP moves, it will produce a change in B field and E field in the space around it.  Likewise, if an E field changes, the effect will be the production of a B field.  The most simple explanation underlying this effect would be an automatic rearrangement of the DP positions and pole orientations in response to changing E and B fields.  The reciprocal nature of the E fields in relationship to the B fields points toward an integrated system of response.  1) The production of a B field from a changing E field can be declared by a rule where a change of some parameter of E field is computed and produces the B field.  2) Likewise, the change in B field producing an E field can be understood in terms of a second law of action.  


The Inductor:,

Current flowing through a wire, coil of wire, and coil of wire with an iron bar through it, are all examples of inductors storing energy in a magnetic field.  In free space, energy is stored as a magnetic field by the magnetically polarizing influence of the current working against the randomizing forces that act upon the DPs.  When an iron rod is place in the inductor, the current stores energy as a magnetic field by 1) aligning the magnetic domains of the iron bar with the magnetic field produced by the current, 2) pushing against the opposing voltage (E field) produced by the magnetic poles when their position was changed by the external field imposed upon them by the current.  The amount of energy stored in the magnetic field is dependent upon the amount of magnetic polarization put into the volume surrounding the wire and its current flow.  


Lenz’s Law: Reactive voltage produced by a changing magnetic field that opposes a change in current:

When current rises or falls, the changing current produces a corresponding change in magnetic field.  The DPs respond to the changing magnetic field by producing a “Back EMF”, which is an E field that pushes current in a direction to maintain the current in an unchanged state.  Thus, if current rises, the magnetic field rises, which causes an E field that pushes against the rising current.  By overcoming this back EMF, energy is expended and stored as polarized/magnetically aligned DPs and magnetic domains of iron.  When the current drops (for example due to opening a switch), the stored energy in the inductor is discharged into an E field that pushes current to continue to flow, thus creating a spark across the gap in the switch.


In electrical circuitry terms, a falling current causes the external magnetic field to collapse, and the energy stored in the domains produces an electric field (voltage) that continues to drive current in its original direction.  This is the essence of Lenz’s Law, that the random magnetic polarization of space opposes being polarized, and exerts force against that polarization.  And, that once a space (whether containing only DPs only, or containing  DPs and ferromagnetic poles) becomes magnetically polarized, the forces of magnetic polar randomization create an electrical force that releases that stored energy as an E field, which polarizes space electrically, and in the presence of electrons in a conductor, it causes a current flow.


Understanding the forces generated by a changing magnetic field (dB/dt):

There are two different effects associated with changing magnetic fields.  1) Increasing external magnetic fields causes a de-randomization of the magnetic poles in a space (I.e. DPs, paramagnetic and ferromagnetic domains).  2) Decreasing external magnetic fields removes the force imposing magnetic order on a space.  


Understanding the forces generated by a changing electric field (dE/dt):

Magnetic fields are created by a current because: 1) The changing position of the charge produces a FP velocity perpendicular to the speed of light ray, 2) the perpendicular velocity is interpreted by the target DPs as a changing E field, and 3) in turn, each target DP emits a Force Particle in that moment with a B field perpendicular to the ray and the velocity, and in a chiral direction appropriate to the charge type.  


What is the elemental nature of the B field produced by a changing E field:

The B field in the static sense is an orientation of the B field vector emanating from the DP each moment, and the orientation is carried by the FP, and it varies 360 degrees in its orientation in the 180 degree angle between north (up) and south (down).  The point of direction of the North B field is independent of the Absolute Frame.  The B Field emits in every increment of direction over the sphere’s surface.  The Force Particles per unit area can be computed, and from this value we can compute the corresponding arc associated with each unit area.


The changing E field produces a change in the orientation of the B field.  In fact, when the B field changes, it is the orientation of the DPs that changes.  The mutual attraction and repulsion of the magnetic poles causes translation of the DPs and rotation ***of the poles.   The FPs are the mediators of the messages that produce the rotation of the B fields.  


In the case of two permanent magnets being anchored in place, the FPs communicate force



here a magnetic orientation of the B field is in fact what a changing B field is.   The greater the change, the greater the % of the angle is imposed upon each DP in proportion to the dE/dt (or perpendicular velocity).  

 action could be modeled by the behavior of the DPs in the space surrounding the wire as relaxing back toward the ground state magnetic field.  The DPs in the surrounding volume would thus emit a new magnetic pole orientation in each successive Moment because of the lack of the polarizing force coming from the moving current in the wire.  The reorientation of the B field from the DPs in the surrounding space causes a changing B field, just the same as a permanent magnetic passing by a wire.  The movement of the magnetic pole is the equivalent to the DP having a rotational velocity.  When the DP discharges its stored magnetic potential, it does so by rotating, and translating, to change its magnetic orientation and position so as to come to a ground state of random organization where both the electrical and magnetic forces are neutralized in the full spherical angle.  The polarization and depolarization of magnetic poles in relationship to an external magnetic field and its release, is executed by an angular velocity of the poles and a translation of the DP position.  Thus, angular change and position change are the two components of velocity that correspond to changing E field and changing B field.  


The angular velocity is carried by the Force Particle as data about the source.  The angular velocity of the source DP corresponds to the dB/dt, and it produces the same effect at long distances as close..


This allows the particle to move perpendicular to the velocity to the ray are somewhat equivalent, and a perpendicular velocity received can produce the same effect as a rotational velocity.  Thus, the two effects work in a reciprocal nature: 1) a discharging magnetic field and its depolarization with the rotation back to ground state was causing the change in B field, or 2) the change in E field due to velocity was causing the change.  To execute this effect, the DPs must carry the data of magnetic pole rotation rate as well as perpendicular velocity.    


Mechanism of coding rate of change in the Electric Field:

The Absolute velocity of the moving charges, and the polarity of the charge are messages carried by the FPs and interpreted by the DPs intercepting them.  The magnitude of the magnetic force exerted by the FP is related to the velocity of the charge.  A greater charge velocity through the Absolute frame produces a greater velocity vector perpendicular to the speed of light FP ray.  This perpendicular component of velocity is carried by the FP ray.  The Perpendicular Velocity Vector in combination with its charge polarity instruct the movement of other DPs.  The greater the Perpendicular Velocity Vector, the more DPs are influenced at each moment, thus a greater magnitude of effect.  


Thus, this paradigm handles the issue of magnitude by: 1) The faster a charge moves the greater the relative velocity.  This produces a correspondingly greater number of DPs affected by the FP commands in each unit of time.  2) The direction of effect is produced by command.  A rule of reaction and relationship produces the effect whereby the receiving DP moves appropriately according to the polarity of charge or direction of magnetic pole.


Relative motion:

Since the entire inertial frame is moving at the same velocity, if there is a relative velocity of the moving charge compared to the frame, then there will be a net dE/dt effect seen in that frame.  


Illustration of the details of the principle using an electron beam:

Consider the movement of an electron through space, accelerated between the cathode and anode by an E field in a vacuum tube.


An electron generates an E field whether it stationary or moving in the Absolute frame.  When the electron is stationary in the absolute frame, the FPs radiating from it carry only a radial speed of light vector.  


Stated more precisely in the spherical coordinate system, (r, θ, φ), the magnitude of the FP’s velocity along the r axis is equal to the speed of light for every θ and φ.  


But, when an electron is moving, the FPs acquire two separate components of motion:

(1) The FP always travels radially at the speed of light away from the source position in the Absolute frame at every Moment.

(2) And, with respect to the Absolute frame, the FP also carries the component of the source particle’s velocity vector that is perpendicular to each FP ray.  


The Component of velocity perpendicular to the Speed of Light Ray

1) The component is intuitively visualized by first assigning the magnitude of the Absolute velocity of the DP as = Vabs , and assigning its direction along the z axis in the Cartesian (x,y,x) coordinate system of the Absolute frame.  


2) Next, assign the speed of light velocity of the FP ray as being along the ρ axis in the cylindrical (ρ,φ,z) coordinate system.  


3) And finally, add to the FP radial’s absolute speed of light the component of the DP’s Absolute velocity perpendicular to the FP ray, which would be equal to = Vabs (sinθ).  


Response of the DP Sea to an electron beam:

1) The negative charge of an electron beam creates an E field that repels negative DPs away from its path, and attracts positive DPs toward its path.  Negative DPs move outward under the radial influence of the negative E field of the moving electron.

2) A magnetic field forms in response to the moving charge, and curls around the axial flow of electrons following the left handed rule.  The magnetic force generated is proportional to the relative velocity of the electrons to the frame of measurement.  

3) The frame of measurement is commonly called the Laboratory Frame, and typically is inertial (constant velocity, not accelerating).  The measurement of the magnetic field is done via placing a test pole in the space surrounding the moving charge.  (Note: the test magnetic pole is optimally a Dipole Particle.  But, using a DP as a test pole in the laboratory for measurement purposes is currently impossible.  Nevertheless, the concept of using a DP as a test pole serves the purpose of illustrating the point about relative motion between the moving charge and the detection of a magnetic field in the space surrounding the moving charge.)  If there is no relative motion between the test pole and the moving charge, there will be no B Field.  Both of them will generate an absolute B field, and they will both be moved toward each other if they are of the same polarity, but their motion will be stopped by the repulsion of like charges.


Electron Beam effect on the local DPs:

A negative electron beam will form three layers:  If this beam is the only charge and matter entity in the entire universe then the concentration of DPs will distribute as follows to the edge of the expanding universe.  

(1) A layer of higher concentration of positive DPs close to the beam

(2) A more neutral layer where the positive concentration of DPs blend into a layer of more negative DPs.

(3) A layer of higher concentration negative DPs farther away from the beam.

(4) As distance extends to infinity, the DP blend approaches neutral-charge and ground level magnetic polar distribution.


Magnetic Pole Alignment Theory:  

To fully understand the process of magnetic pole alignment around negative current flow, we must identify the force causing the left-handed magnetic polar alignment around the path of the electron.


Relationship of electron spin to current flow and magnetic curl:

The magnetic poles of the electrons flowing in the current are responsible for producing the direction of the magnetic curl.  Quantum mechanical examinations illuminated the concept of the spin of the electron.  From a conventional physics perspective the spin is a magnetic property of a particle arising from a point that is invariant under relativistic conditions.  


The electrons in a current each have a spin, but their magnetic spin may not be the source for the externally manifested magnetic field produced by current flow.  The curl alignment of the electron poles around the current flow offers no obvious asymmetry which would produce the effect of the right or left handed curl of the magnetic field around a positive or negative current flow.  But, the magnetic poles of the charges carrying the current may align incidentally as tiny magnetic N-S poles pointing tangent to the curl of the magnetic field produced by current flow.  The electron current is probably distributed throughout the volume of the conductor in low frequency conduction, but a skin effect (surface flow) because of the repulsion of like-charges in the current may result in high frequency applications.


Production of Right or Left Handed Magnetic Curl from Current Flow:

Every DP emits FPs at every moment, whether stationary or moving.  For DPs stationary in the Absolute frame, all FPs radiate with only the radial velocity of exactly the speed of light.  DPs moving with relationship to the Absolute frame will add a perpendicular component of velocity, Vabs(sinθ) to the speed of light FP ray.  This perpendicular velocity component of the FP, may be the agent responsible for creating the magnitude of the magnetic curl, and the electrically polar nature of the FP message may be computed by the receiving DP, and thus producing the response of a magnetic curl around the moving charge dependent upon charge polarity (electron – left handed curl around current; positron – right handed curl around the current).  


Two aspects of the magnetic force:

Direction of Curl: The polar nature carried by the FPs causes the magnetic poles of the DPs surrounding the electron’s path to orient according to the direction dictated by the electrical polarity carried by the FP.  


Magnitude of magnetic Field: The greater the velocity of the electron, the greater the magnitude of the magnetic polarization.  This effect can be produced by more electrons moving past a point in parallel (electrons traveling side by side), or by more electrons moving past a point in series (electrons moving faster along a line).  A small current flow creates a small magnetic field compared to a larger current flow.  The greater current flow creates the greater magnetic field because there are more FPs created by a greater  parallel flow of electrons, and a greater volume of space affected by the FPs in the case of faster electrons.  Either way, the effect is comparable in terms of magnetically polarizing the space around the current.


Moving charge as a cause of changing E fields:

The velocity of the FP perpendicular to the Speed of Light ray is the signature of a moving charge.  This perpendicular velocity component reflects the fact of a previous charge movement, which has been the origin and source of  a changing E field (dE/dt).  Note, we can conclusively declare that charge movement is the only factor which could produce a changing E field by examining the field produced by a stationary charge.  It is forever fixed, unchanging, and without alternation.  Thus, a charge must move to produce a changing E field, and if we see a changing E field passing through space, we can conclusively deduce that a charge must have moved to produce this effect.


Motion in the Relative and Absolute frame and the detection of Changing E field

A charge stationary with respect to the Absolute frame cannot produce a changing E field.  An E field cannot be detected around a stationary charge in the Laboratory frame (since the charge and detector are both moving at the same rate, and hence the velocity is apparently zero and there is no changing field effect produced on the test charge from the source charge.


The effect on the actual charges is what we observe in the real world through experiment.  The movement of two electrons through absolute space will in fact produce a polarization of the Dipole Sea, and produce a magnetic field around both of them, and they will as a result of being of common polarity be pulled together by the force produced by the movement of a charge through a magnetic field.  This is the effect seen when an electron is traveling over a pole of a permanent magnet, F = qv x B.  A force is produced the pushes the charge perpendicular to its path of travel and perpendicular to the B field.  In the case of two traveling charges, they are both creating a magnetic field by their Absolute velocity through the Dipole Sea, and the magnetic field created by one is creating the Force acting on the other.  The result is that like charges in a current flow converge together.  This effect is seen as a force acting between two wires carrying current in the same direction – the wires are pulled together.  


This phenomenon is one of the paradoxes of relativity, in that no magnetic force should be produced between two wires carrying a DC current in the same direction because there is no relative movement, and therefore there should be no force between the two.  But, this is not the case, and the predictions of relativity are false in this case.  But, but by modeling the universe as having a Dipole Sea mediate the changing E field in the Absolute frame, which produces the B field that the E enables the E field to

1) The charges must first electrically and magnetically equalize with their environment.  The forces will be a) due to the absolute velocity of the charges, and the magnetic fields produced because of that velocity, and b) the change in electrical force repulsion/attraction that will act between the two in response to the change in distance produced by the magnetic force due to the absolute velocity.  The equilibrium distance of the charges in the laboratory frame will be the starting point at which the experiment begins where the charges are moved with respect to the laboratory frame (that is where current flows).

2) Current flows, movement of charges is initiated with respect to the Laboratory frame.  Once there is movement there is a change of magnetic field which will cause a change that is detected as force between the current carrying wires (or moving charges).  


The key concept is that the magnetic field produced by the moving charge is a differential between the steady state field produced by the movement in the Absolute frame and the magnetic field produced by the charge movement relative to the laboratory frame.


The result is that force is felt in the laboratory frame that corresponds only to the velocity relative to the laboratory frame.  All of the effect associated with the movement of that charge in the Absolute frame has already equalized prior to beginning the experiment of relative motion, and hence only the difference of velocity in the Absolute frame is producing the detectable force effects.


In short, relativity does not properly account for the phenomenon of current carrying wires attracting each other, but using the model of a Dipole Sea, absolute velocity, equalization, and relative velocity models the phenomenon accurately.


Generation of Magnetic Fields by Perpendicular Velocity of Force Particles:

For calculation purposes, the net current flow is the determinant of magnetic field strength around a flow of moving charges, even though the method of creating the current is different (speed of particles versus density of flow).  Both the speed and density effect is created by the component of the current velocity perpendicular to each speed of light FP ray.  


The Perpendicular Ray velocity is the underlying variable which integrates to create the effect seen as the changing E field (dE/dt) in Maxwell’s equations.  The Unit Area is the active element used by the DPs for receiving vector information, and in turn reacting to the force information from all the FPs passing through the Unit Area.  (Note: the Unit area is the cross section of the unit sphere surrounding each DP.)  After receiving the vector data from all the FPs passing through the unit sphere, and integrating the force vectors, the DP will move at the next Moment according to the Net Force Vector.  


The Force Vector associated with the FP Radial Velocity (speed of light velocity) exerts a radial force due to the electrical polarity of the source and target charges.  The FP Perpendicular Velocity (velocity imparted to the FP due to the Absolute velocity of the source charge) produces a right or left-handed force depending on the polarity of the source particle.  A larger magnitude Perpendicular Velocity produces a greater force because the FP will pass through a greater number of unit areas each Moment.


The Perpendicular Vector produces an electrical force just like the Radial Vector, but the target DP processes the Perpendicular Vector as an electrical force pointing to the right or left-handed direction depending on the polarity of the source DP.  Again, the direction of the force is perpendicular to the plane defined by the Radial and Perpendicular Velocity vector, with the right or left handed direction determined by the charge of the source.  We shall call this the Magnetic Force, but strictly speaking it is just a perpendicular Electric Force.


Lenz’s Law

When the magnetic force diminishes, such as after the charge passes by a point, the perpendicular velocity will be reversed, which will cause the current to flow the opposite direction.  This is the effect seen in Lenz’s Law.  In particular if an inductor (wire) has a magnetic field around it, the E field produced by the Perpendicular Vector will be going in a left handed direction, which in effect means that there is a circulation of positive DPs in the left handed direction around a wire carrying current, and negative charges flowing right handed.  When the E field driving the current stops, the charges moving around the circle lose their driving force.  Thus, the collapse of the magnetic field as the charges move to neutral equilibrium.  The collapse of the magnetic field is just the stopping of the rotation of the charges around the current flow (i.e.  wire or beam).   The movement of charges back into neutral equilibrium produces Radial and Perpendicular velocity vectors.  Which affects the movement of all the other DPs which are all also moving.  The current itself is producing a net E field w ****


The Perpendicular Vector will move the entire Radial Vector sideways so that it will affect all the Unit Areas perpendicular to the full length of the Radial Vector each Moment.  The DP responds to the perpendicular force by rotating the Magnetic pole by 1 Unit Angle for each Perpendicular FP intersecting the Unit Area.  Every FP produces the same angular and linear displacement on each Unit Area, regardless of how far away from its origin or how fast it travels.  


The Perpendicular Force produces a force vector on a DP in the direction of the Perpendicular velocity of the all the DPs along the path of the Radial Vector.  It is the movement of the charge which produces the magnetic vector.  The magnetic vector is perpendicular to the Perpendicular Vector, and perpendicular to the Radial vector, and right or left handed depending upon the polarity of the moving charge (negative - left, and positive - right).  


The movement of the Magnetic field through a space by moving charges past another charge


Charge sideways which is the essence of magnetism, a sideways velocity.  


changing Electric field with time produces this effect, since ultimately a changing electric field can only arise from a moving charge.  After the charge has moved, and the speed of light ray of each FP has left, the ***


The force opposing the magnetic alignment of the DPs (and hence causing them to disalign when the dE/dt is removed) is the magnetic poles of the DPs themselves.  Each DP emits Force Particles in a spherical 360 field of influence, and each FP carries an Electric and Magnetic vector.  The magnetic vector varies in direction at each angle θ in the spherical coordinate from 0 degrees (North) to 180 degrees (South).  The magnetic vectors carried by each FP exert a degree of force on the magnetic pole alignment of the each DP along the ray of each FP, creating an outward radiating sphere of influence.  The Force Particles give force influence by rotating the N/S pole axis of its neighbors; every DP thus seeks to enroll the entire universe in its orientation.  But every DP in the rest of the universe is doing exactly the same thing, putting out Force Particles that are seeking to enroll and modify the magnetic orientation of every other DP.  The result is a compromise orientation where the effect of the bulk media is a zero net magnetic field within space without mass and traveling fields.  This rotational/de-magnetizing effect on the alignment of all DPs on their neighbor-spaces is the force that brings all magnetic organization back to the entropic disorganized equally dispersed energetic ground state.

ii) Thus, because the magnetic poles of the positive and negative DPs are always pushing against each other to disalign, space will naturally return to randomly oriented magnetic poles with a zero spherical integral of the magnetic field in each volume of space.  

(1) Thus, magnetic DP poles naturally disalign in the Dipole Sea because they are being pulled to align with all the poles around them.  This is an expression of the fact that the random magnetic pole alignment is the lowest energy state of the DPs in a multi-polar environment.  

(2) If the magnetic poles are freely moveable (i.e. there is no force or energy barrier restraining them in a particular configuration) then the energy associated with any unrestrained magnetic pole alignment will immediately begin its discharge and dissipation outward through the Sea.

(3) See Entropy for discussion of the relationship of the ground state of the Dipole Sea and how its stiffness and the internal forces restoring it back to disorder produce the rapid speed of light.     

iii) Positive DPs move toward the moving electrons in the beam.

(1) The portion of the E field vector associated with the velocity of the electron acts on the DPs in the surrounding Sea, and causes them by command to move in a left-handed direction in relationship to the velocity of the electrons in the beam.   

(2) The Radial FP vector extends out from the negative charge at the speed of light.  But the FP also has a translational velocity, having been given a component of velocity by the electron that is perpendicular to the radial speed of light.  Because of this orthogonal separation of velocities, the FP does not violate the restriction on the Dipole Sea’s transmission of signals at anything but the local absolute speed of light.  Thus, the FP moves radially at the velocity c, as well as moving perpendicular at a velocity equal to the absolute velocity of the electron.  

(3) There will be no detectable alteration in the magnitude of the magnetic field surrounding an electron beam as measured within a slowly moving inertial frame of reference as compared to one traveling at a higher velocity.  The absolute magnetic field generated by charges having velocity with respect to the Absolute frame.  Only relative velocity between source and detector can be measured.

iv) Magnetic force vector is right handed around the direction of travel of the positive DP, and left handed around the direction of travel of the negative DP.

(1) The relative rate at which a charged particle moves compared to its environment dictates the magnetic field produced by the DPs that surround the moving charge.  The following factors increase the magnetic field generated by a current of electrons:

(a) A charged particle with a faster velocity will produce a greater magnitude magnetic field.

(b) A greater number of electrons flowing will cause a greater magnetic field.

(c) both a greater flow rate, and faster individual electrons can produce the same rate of change in the E field, (dE/dt), which would thus produce the same B field.

(2) The magnetic poles of the positive and negative DPs in a volume around a moving charge align in right or left handed direction according to the polarity of the moving charge.  The velocity of the moving charge determines the magnitude of the net force directing the alignment of the magnetic poles.  

(a) The chirality (i.e. right or left-handedness) of the magnetic orientation of the DPs in response to moving charges is hereby introduced as a new rule obeyed by the charges in their computation of force.

(b) Positive and negative DPs respond in opposite directions to an increase or decrease in the positive E field, and opposite directions to the increase or decrease of a negative E field.  

(c) The DPs experience a net increased magnetic force in response to an increased electron or positron velocity, density of charge flow, or rate of change of electrical field.  The magnetic force experienced by the DPs is “rate of change dependent” because there is an organizing force competing with a disorganizing force on the DPs.  The magnetic field around the path of the moving charge is organized by the force generated by the change in E field.  That same magnetic field is then opposed by the natural disorganizing force of the local DPs which naturally tend to slump into random directions.

(d) The magnetic field around a beam of electrons or a wire, is composed of the set of magnetic vectors formed perpendicularly to the entire set of planes defined by the velocity vector of the current and the radial speed of light vector of each FP emitted by a moving electron.

(e) The magnitude of the magnetic vector diminishes with distance from the moving charge because of the inverse square law reduction in FP concentration going through the unit area at increasing distances.  

(d) The most questionable aspect of the above portion of the Theory is the requirement of magnetic fields to be formed in a Left-handed direction for a negative charge current, and Right-handed for a positive current.  The mechanism of the implementation of this right or left handed orientation of the DPs upon the was