The Heavens Declare His Handiwork

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Thomas Lee Abshier, ND


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Allowed Orbitals

By: Thomas Lee Abshier, ND


· http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/forces/exchg.html#c2

· http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/uncer.html


o The observed size of the atom, on the order of 10-10m predicts a confinement energy of around 9 electron volts.  This energy is consistent with the photon energies released by decaying activated orbital electrons.  

o Likewise, the experimentally determined size of the nucleus of 10-15m corresponds to a confinement energy on the order of 2 MeV, which is likewise consistent with the decay energies seen from the nucleus.  

o The decay of a neutron into a proton, electron, and neutrino, releases 80MeV, which corresponds to a volume about .1% of the size of the nucleus.  This energy indicates the distance of interaction of Weak Force, which operates to hold the quarks inside the neutron together. ***

o A collision would clearly provide a force which would accelerate the electron, and raise it to a higher energy level.

o Likewise, a photon can exert a force on the electron in the orbital.  The photon has a particular energy, and if that energy differential is consistent with the allowed energies of that orbital system, the orbital electron will absorb that photon and raise its energy to the new orbital energy.

o If the energy of the photon impacting the orbital electron has an increment of energy needed by the photon to go to the next resonant orbital, then the photon will raise the orbital electron to that level and the electron will simply continue orbiting the atom at this new energy.